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339 results for Rudra
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
īśam. a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrāyaṇam. (also plural) patronymic fr. rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrim. patronymic fr. rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrīin compound for rudra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trikāgnikālam. rudra- (interpolation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādidīpam. Name (also title or epithet) of a rudra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahibradhnam. one of the rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahirbudhnyam. (considered as one word and therefore declinable as follows dative case ahir-budhnyāya- ; instrumental case plural ahir-budhnyaiḥ- ;often incorrectly written ahir-budhna-or -bradhna-) Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahirbudhnyam. plural Name of the rudra-s (See before) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ailabakāramfn. making a noise, roaring (said of rudra-'s dogs) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajam. Name of indra-, of rudra-, of one of the marut-s ([ aj/a /eka-p/ā- aj/a /eka-pāda- ]), of agni-, of the sun, of brahmā-, of viṣṇu-, of śiva-, of kāma- (see 2. a-ja-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajaikapādm. of one of the eleven rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣam. a seed of which rosaries are made (see indrākṣa-, rudrākṣa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amareśam. Name of śiva- or rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambikāf. a sister of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambikāf. of the wife of rudra- ugraretas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambikāpatim. Name of rudra- or śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantam. of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anekadhṛtm. Name (also title or epithet) of rudra-śiva-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgārakam. of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aparājitam. one of the eleven rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhakaghātinmfn. "killing the water-snake"(?), Name of rudra- (adhvaga-gh- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhaketum. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhanārīnaravapusmfn. having a body half man and half woman (said of rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃsūktagilamfn. swallowing without chewing (as rudra-'s dogs) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśanim. one of the nine names of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśanīśam. Name (also title or epithet) of rudra-śiva-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasṛṣṭamfn. thrown (as arrows or the thunderbolt) (see rudrāv-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahurūpam. of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagam. Name of an āditya- (bestowing wealth and presiding over love and marriage, brother of the Dawn, regent of the nakṣatra- uttara-phalgunī-; yāska- enumerates him among the divinities of the highest sphere;according to a later legend his eyes were destroyed by rudra-) etc.
bhagam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhairavam. Name of a form of śiva- (cf ) (in the latter 8 bhairava-'s are enumerated, viz. mahā--, saṃhāra--, asitāṅga--, ruru-- kāla--, krodha--, tāmracūḍa--,or kapāla--, candracūḍa--or rudra-bh-;sometimes other names are given exempli gratia, 'for example' vidyā-rāja-, kāma-r-, nāga-r-, svacchanda-r-, lambita-r-, deva-r-, ugra-r-, vighna-r-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharatam. Name of rudra- (the marut-s are called his sons) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhargam. Name of rudra-- śiva- (as Name of the number 11 ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavam. of a deity attending on rudra- and frequently connected with śarva- (later Name of śiva- or a form of śiva-;or Name of a rudra-, and as such of the number 11 or of the 11th lunar mansion ; dual number bhavau-= bhava- id est śiva- and his wife bhavānī- ; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavānīf. (fr. bhava-; see iṅdrāṇī-, rudraṇī-, śarvāṇī-and ) Name of a goddess identified in later times with pārvatī- (she is the wife of śiva- in her pacific and amiable form; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavārudram. dual number bhava- and rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmam. Name of rudra-- śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmam. of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛgum. of kṛṣṇa- or of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūpatim. (bh/ū--) "lord of the earth", Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtam. of a son-in-law of dakṣa- and father of numerous rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtapatim. "lord of beings"(especially of evil beings, Name of rudra-- śiva-, bhava-, śarva- and agni-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuvanam. of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuvanādhīśa() m. "lord of the world", Name of a rudra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuvanādhīśvara() m. "lord of the world", Name of a rudra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuvaneśam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhajjābālopaniṣadf. Name of an upaniṣad- on the divinity of kālāgni-rudra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakrarājam. Name of a mystical diagram View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇḍilam. Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dahanam. Name of a rudra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devadevam. of rudra-- śiva-, 7324 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasūm. (with or scilicet deva-) Name of 8 deities (viz. agni- gṛha-pati-, soma- vanas-pati-, savitṛ- satya-prasava-, rudra- paśu-pati-, bṛhas-pati- vācas-pati-, indra- jyeṣṭha-, mitra- satya-, and varuṇa- dharma-pati-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍhālinmfn. armed with a shield, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍhaṇṭīf. equals vākya-viśeṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhīf. understanding, intelligence, wisdom (personified as the wife of rudra-manyu- ), knowledge, science, art View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍholam. a large drum, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛtavratam. Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛtif. of the wife of rudra-- manu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūrjaṭim. "having matted locks like a burden", Name of rudra-- śiva- etc. (ṭin- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūrtif. Name of rudra- (varia lectio ta- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣāf. dedication, initiation (personified as the wife of soma- , of rudra- ugra- or rudra- vāmadeva- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
diśf. quarter or region pointed at, direction, cardinal point etc. (four in number, viz. prācī-,east; dakṣiṇā-,south; pratici-,west;and udīcī-,north , dhruvā- ; and a 6th, ūrdhvā- ; and a 7th, vy-adhvā- ; but oftener 8 are given id est the 4 cardinal and the 4 intermediate quarters, S. E., S. W., N. W., and N. E. [ see upa--]; and even a 9th, and 10th, tiryak-or adhas-and ūrdhvam- ; diśām pati-[ see dik-pati-below]= soma- ,or= rudra- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
diśāf. Name of the wife of rudra-bhīma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divīśam. lord in lord in heaven plural Name of the āditya-s, vasu- and rudra- (For other compound See under div/as-, divā-,2. div/i-, divo-3. dy/u-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drāpimfn. (Causal of2. drā-) causing to run (said of rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekacaramf(ā-)n. Name of śiva-rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekādaśavyūhamfn. appearing in 11 forms (rudra-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekādaśottamam. "chief among (the) eleven (rudra-s)", Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekākṣaragaṇapatistotran. a hymn in honour of gaṇeśa- (a portion of the rudrayāmala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekarudram. rudra- alone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇadevatāf. plural troops of deities who generally appear in classes (āditya-s, viśva-s, vasu-s, tuṣita-s, ābhāsvara-s, anila-s, mahārājika-s, sādhya-s, and rudra-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garimanm. a venerable person (as rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
giriparamfn. following after gir/i- (as a Name of rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
giriśam. (gaRa lomādi-) "inhabiting mountains", Name of rudra-- śiva- (vocative case) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
giriśam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
girīśam. one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
giriṣadmfn. sitting on mountains (rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
giriśantamfn. (equals -śa-) inhabiting mountains (rudra-- śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
giritramfn. protecting mountains (rudra-- śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harākṣan. equals rudrākṣa-, the berry of Elaeocarpus Ganitrus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haridvāran. " viṣṇu-'s gate", Name of a celebrated town and sacred bathing-place (commonly called Hardvar, where the Ganges finally leaves the mountains for the plains of Hindustan, whence it is sometimes called Gangadvara;it is called " hari-'s gate", as leading to vaikuṇṭha- or viṣṇu-'s heaven) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harirudram. hari- and rudra- (id est viṣṇu- and śiva-) in one person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
havanam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍāf. of a wife of vasudeva- and of the rudra- ṛta-dhvaja- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḷāf. of a wife of vasudeva- and of the rudra- ṛta-dhvaja- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
irāvatīf. Name of durgā- (the wife of rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īśam. the number"eleven"(as there are eleven rudra-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īśānam. a ruler, master, one of the older names of śiva-rudra- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īśānam. one of the rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īśvaram. one of the rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalāṣabheṣaja(j/al-) mfn. possessed of healing medicines (rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṭam. Name of several plants (equals ṭā-vatī- ;Mucuna pruritus ;Flacourtia cataphracta ; equals ṭā-mūlā- ; equals rudra-jaṭā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṭādharīf. equals rudra-jaṭā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṭāvallīf. equals rudra-jaṭā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayantam. of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālam. of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālāgnirudram. equals kāla-rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālarudram. rudra- regarded as the fire that is to destroy the world, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapālinm. of one of the eleven rudra-s etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapardinmfn. wearing braided and knotted hair (like the cowrie shell) (said of rudra-, pūṣan-, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapardinm. of one of the eleven rudra-s
kārakavādam. a treatise on the cases by rudra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśinmfn. () having fine or long hair (said of rudra-[ see kapardin-],of his female attendants, of female demons, and of men) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśinm. "Name of rudra-" (See before) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśinīf. plural (/inīs-) Ved. "the attendants of rudra-" (See before) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharam. of a rudra- (?) (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khecaram. a vidyā-dharī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
koṇerabhaṭṭam. Name of a son of viṣṇu- and father of rudra-bhaṭṭa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kratudhvajam. Name of a rudra- (varia lectio ṛtu-dh-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krayinm. Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krīḍārudrāyaNom. A1. yate-, to resemble rudra- while playing. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krivim. a Name of rudra- (varia lectio kr/ayin- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛśānum. (fr. kṛś-for kṛṣ-?),"bending the bow", N. applied to a good archer (connected with /astṛ-,"an archer", though sometimes used alone; kṛśānu-, according to some, is a divine being, in character like rudra- or identified with him;armed with the lightning he defends the "heavenly" soma- from the hawk, who tries to steal and bear it from heaven to earth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛttivāsasm. (k/ṛtti--) "covered with a skin", Name of rudra-śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣayadvīramfn. ruling or governing men (indra-, rudra-, and pūṣan-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣipreṣumfn. one who has quick arrows (rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhāṇḍam. plural (perhaps a Prakrit form for kuṣmāṇḍa- q.v,but see kumbh/a-muṣka-) "having testicles shaped like a kumbha-", a class of demons (at whose head stands rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mābhīdam. n. species of rudrākṣa- with one berry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanadahanam. " kāma-deva-'s burner or consumer", Name of śiva-rudra- (and so of the number eleven) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādevam. "the great deity", Name of rudra- or śiva- or one of his attendant deities etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādevam. of one of the 8 forms of rudra- or śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādevahatamfn. slain by rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpretam. a noble departed spirit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahārudram. "great rudra-", a form of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsahasranāmann. a list of 1000 names of rāma- from the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahatm. Name of rudra- or of a particular rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahinasam. a form of śiva- or rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makārādisahasranāmann. Name of chapter of the rudra-yāmala- (containing 1000 names of rāma- beginning with m-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makhahanm. "killer of makha-", Name of agni- or indra- or rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālavabhadram. Name of a poet (wrong reading for rudra-?). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇimaṇḍapam. a crystal hall or a hall on crystal pillars View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manojavam. of a son of rudra- īśāna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manum. the Man par excellence or the representative man and father of the human race (regarded in the as the first to have instituted sacrifices and religious ceremonies, and associated with the ṛṣi-s kaṇva- and atri-;in the described as dividing his possessions among some of his sons to the exclusion of one called nābhā-nediṣṭha- q.v;called sāṃvaraṇa- as author of ; āpsava- as author of ;in he is numbered among the 31 divine beings of the upper sphere, and as father of men even identified with prajā-pati-;but the name manu- is especially applied to 14 successive mythical progenitors and sovereigns of the earth, described and in later works as creating and supporting this world through successive antara-s or long periods of timeSee manv-antara-below;the first is called svāyambhuva- as sprung from svayam-bhū-,the Self-existent, and described in as a sort of secondary creator, who commenced his work by producing 10 prajāpati-s or maharṣi-s, of whom the first was marīci-,Light;to this manu- is ascribed the celebrated"code of manu-"See manu-saṃhitā-,and two ancient sūtra- works on kalpa- and gṛhya- id est sacrificial and domestic rites;he is also called hairaṇyagarbha- as son of hiraṇya-garbha-, and prācetasa-, as son of pra-cetas-;the next 5 manu-s are called svārociṣa-, auttami-, tāmasa-, raivata-, cākṣuṣa- see ;the 7th manu-, called vaivasvata-,Sun-born, or from his piety, satya-vrata-,is regarded as the progenitor of the present race of living beings, and said, like the Noah of the Old Testament, to have been preserved from a great flood by viṣṇu- or brahmā- in the form of a fish: he is also variously described as one of the 12 āditya-s, as the author of ,as the brother of yama-, who as a son of he Sun is also called vaivasvata-, as the founder and first king of ayodhyā-, and as father of ilā- who married budha-, son of the Moon, the two great solar and lunar races being thus nearly related to each otherSee ;the 8th manu- or first of the future manu-s according to to ,will be sāvarṇi-;the 9th dakṣa-sāvarṇi-;the 12th rudra-sāvarṇi-;the 13th raucya- or deva-sāvarṇi-;the 14th bhautya- or indra-- sāvarṇi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manum. of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manyum. rage, fury, wrath, anger, indignation (also personified, especially as agni- or kāma- or as a rudra-; manyuṃ- kṛ-,with locative case or accusative with prati-,"to vent one's anger on, be angry with") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marutm. plural (prob. the"flashing or shining ones"; confer, compare marīci-and Greek ) the storm-gods (indra-'s companions and sometimes exempli gratia, 'for example' equals devāḥ-,the gods or deities in general;said in the veda- to be the sons of rudra- and pṛśni- q.v,or the children of heaven or of ocean;and described as armed with golden weapons id est lightnings and thunderbolts, as having iron teeth and roaring like lions, as residing in the north, as riding in golden cars drawn by ruddy horses sometimes called pṛṣatīḥ- q.v;they are reckoned in among the gods of the middle sphere, and in are held to be three times sixty in number;in the later literature they are the children of diti-, either seven or seven times seven in number, and are sometimes said to be led by mātariśvan-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārutam. of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekhalālamfn. "adorned with a girdle", Name of śiva-rudra- () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
miñjikāmiñjikan. sg. Name of two beings sprung from the seed of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mirākhānam. (= $) Name of a Pathan chief (the patron of rudra-bhaṭṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgavyādham. of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtyum. Death personified, the god of disease (sometimes identified with yama- or with viṣṇu-;or said to be a son of adharma- by nirṛti- or of brahmā- or of kali- or of māyā-;he has also the patronymics prādhvaṃsana- and sāmparāyaṇa-, and is sometimes reckoned among the 11 rudra-s, and sometimes regarded as vyāsa- in the 6th dvāpara- or as a teacher etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nairṛtam. of a rudra- (Calcutta edition nir-ṛti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥśvāsasaṃhitāf. Name of a code of laws supposed to have been revealed by rudra-- śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlaśikhaṇḍa(-) mfn. having black tufts or locks of hair (rudra-siva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirṛtam. Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirṛtim. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
painākamf(ī-)n. (fr. pinākin-) belonging to or coming from rudra-- śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśupatim. "lord of animals"(or"lord of a servant named paśu-"or"lord of the soul"), Name of the later rudra-- śiva- or of a similar deity (often associated in the veda- with bhava-, śarva-, ugra-, rudra-, mahā-deva-, īśāna- and others who together with bhīma- are in later times regarded as manifestations of rudra-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pinākam. n. a staff or bow, (especially) the staff or bow of rudra-- śiva- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pinākahasta(pin-) m. = equals -pāṇi- Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pinākāvasam. Name of rudra- ("concealing pināka-", ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pinākinm. "armed with the bow or spear pināka-", Name of rudra-- śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pinākinm. of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalam. of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pitṛrūpam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pitṛṣadmfn. "dwelling with the pitṛ-s", Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratāparudrayaśobhūṣaṇa n. Name of work by vidyā-nātha- on rhetoric (in which king pratāpa-rudra- is eulogized) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratāparudrīyan. Name of work by vidyā-nātha- on rhetoric (in which king pratāpa-rudra- is eulogized) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayāgam. "place of sacrifice", Name of a celebrated place of pilgrimage (now called Allahabad) at the confluence of the gaṅgā- and yamunā- with the supposed subterranean sarasvatī- (also -ka- ; see tri-veṇī-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also in deva--pilgrimage, rudra--pilgrimage, karṇa- pilgrimage and nanda--pilgrimage) etc. (see ;as Name of a country ; plural the inhabitants of prayāga- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛṣātakam. Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raivatam. of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmajīvanam. Name of a king (son of rudra-rāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmaputram. patronymic of rudraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raṅgāvatāraka m. (see prec.) a stage-player, actor (the latter also"an actor who dresses like rudra-") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raṅgāvatārinm. (see prec.) a stage-player, actor (the latter also"an actor who dresses like rudra-") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudramf(ā-or ī-)n. or raudr/a- (fr. rudra-) relating or belonging to or coming from rudra- or the rudra-s, rudra--like, violent, impetuous, fierce, wild ( raudram am- ind.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudram. a descendant of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudram. a worshipper of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudramf(ī-)n. Name of the nakṣatra- ārdrā- when under rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudradarśanamfn. of dreadful appearance, terrific (see rudra-d-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrāgnamf(ī-)n. (fr. rudrāgni-) relating to rudra- and agni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrakan. rudra-'s work (equals rudreṇa kṛtam-) gaRa kulālādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrākṣamf(ī-)n. (fr. rudrākṣa-) made from Elaeocarpus Ganitrus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrāṇī(prob.) wrong reading for rudrāṇī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrāśvam. (prob. fr. rudrāśva-) Name of a son or a more distant descendant of puru- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrīf. Name of the Comms. on the tattva-cintāmaṇi-dīdhiti- and the nyāya-siddhānta-muktāvalī- by rudra- bhaṭṭācārya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrībhāvam. "terribleness", the character of rudra- or śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rodasn. dual number (prob. connected with rudra-; see rodas/ī-) heaven and earth (only in the beginning of a compound and in genitive case r/odasoḥ- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rodasīf. (sg.) Name of lightning as wife of rudra- and companion of the marut-s (also rodas/ī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtadhvajam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudhiramfn. (prob. fr. the above lost root rudh-,"to be red"; see rohita-and also under rudra-) red, blood-red, bloody
rudram. "Roarer or Howler", Name of the god of tempests and father and ruler of the rudra-s and marut-s (in the veda- he is closely connected with indra- and still more with agni-, the god of fire, which, as a destroying agent, rages and crackles like the roaring storm, and also with kāla- or Time the all-consumer, with whom he is afterwards identified;though generally represented as a destroying deity, whose terrible shafts bring death or disease on men and cattle, he has also the epithet śiva-,"benevolent"or"auspicious", and is even supposed to possess healing powers from his chasing away vapours and purifying the atmosphere;in the later mythology the word śiva-,which does not occur as a name in the veda-, was employed, first as an euphemistic epithet and then as a real name for rudra-, who lost his special connection with storms and developed into a form of the disintegrating and reintegrating principle;while a new class of beings, described as eleven [or thirty-three] in number, though still called rudra-s, took the place of the original rudra-s or marut-s: in , rudra- is said to have sprung from brahmā-'s forehead, and to have afterwards separated himself into a figure half male and half female, the former portion separating again into the 11 rudra-s, hence these later rudra-s are sometimes regarded as inferior manifestations of śiva-, and most of their names, which are variously given in the different purāṇa-s, are also names of śiva-;those of the are ajaikapād-, ahir-budhnya-, hara-, nirṛta-, īśvara-, bhuvana-, aṅgāraka-, ardha-ketu-, mṛtyu-, sarpa-, kapālin-; according to to others the rudra-s are represented as children of kaśyapa- and surabhi- or of brahmā- and surabhi- or of bhūta- and su-rūpā-; according to to , rudra- is one of the 8 forms of śiva-;elsewhere he is reckoned among the dik-pāla-s as regent of the north-east quarter) etc. (see )
rudram. Name of the number"eleven"(from the 11 rudra-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudram. (in music) of a kind of stringed instrument (see rudrī-and rudra-vīṇā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudram. dual number (incorrect accusative to ) rudra- and rudrāṇī- (see also bhavā-r-and somā-rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudram. plural the rudra-s or sons of rudra- (sometimes identified with or distinguished from the marut-s who are 11 or 33 in number) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudram. an abbreviated N. for the texts or hymns addressed to rudra- (see rudra-japa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrabalim. an oblation of flesh etc. presented to the rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrabhūf. " rudra-'s ground", a cemetery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudracaṇḍīf. Name of a section in the rudra-yāmala- and of a stotra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrādhyāyam. Name of particular prayers addressed to rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudragaṇam. the class of (beings called) rudra-s (See under rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudragarbham. " rudra-'s offspring", Name of agni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudragāyatri(mc.) f. Name of the text tatpuruṣāya- - tan no rudraḥ pracodayāt- () and of a modification of it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudragāyatrīf. Name of the text tatpuruṣāya- - tan no rudraḥ pracodayāt- () and of a modification of it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudragītan. () or f(ā-). sg. or plural ( ) the song of rudra- (in which agastya- repeats a dialogue between himself and rudra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrahotṛ(rudr/a--) mfn. having the rudra- for invokers, being invoked by the rudra- (see rudr/a-hūti-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrahūti(rudr/a--) mfn. invoked by the rudra- (or according to to "by praisers") (see rudr/a-hotṛ-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraikādaśakamantram. plural () () the 11 rudra- hymns (anuvāka- in the taittirīya- saṃhitā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraikādaśinīf. () the 11 rudra- hymns (anuvāka- in the taittirīya- saṃhitā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrajam. "produced from rudra-", quick-silver (supposed to be the semen of śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrajapam. Name of a prayer or hymn addressed to rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrajāpaka() ( ) mfn. one who recites the rudra-japa- in a low tone. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrajapanan. the recitation of the rudra-japa- in a low tone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrajāpin( ) mfn. one who recites the rudra-japa- in a low tone. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrajaṭāf. " rudra-'s hair", a species of creeper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrakalaśam. " rudra-'s jar", a particular receptacle for water used in making oblations to the planets View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrakośam. Name of a lexicon by rudra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrākrīḍam. " rudra-'s pleasure-ground", a cemetery or burning-ground for corpses (rudra- being supposed to dance in such places at evening twilight) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrākṣam. " rudra--eyed", Elaeocarpus Ganitrus or its berry (used for rosaries) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudralokam. rudra-'s world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudramayamf(ī-)n. having the essence of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrāṇīf. rudra-'s wife, the goddess durgā- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrāṇīf. a species of plant (equals rudra-jaṭā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrāṅkuśam. rudra-'s trident View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrapatnīf. rudra-'s wife, the goddess durgā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrapriyāf. "dear to rudra-", Terminalia Chebula View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraputram. rudra-'s son, a patronymic of the 12th manu- (see -sāvarṇi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrārim. rudra-'s enemy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrārimfn. having rudra- for an enemy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrarodanan. " rudra-'s tears", gold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasakham. " rudra-'s friend", Name of kubera- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasargam. rudra-'s creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasargam. the creation of the 11 rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasāvarṇikamfn. belonging or relating to rudra-sāvarṇi-, being under rudra--sa1varn2i View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasenāf. rudra-'s army (plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasṛṣṭif. rudra-'s creation, (or) the creation of the 11 rudra- (see -sarga-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasvargam. rudra-'s heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudratanayam. " rudra-'s son", Name of Punishment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudratvan. the being rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrāvāsam. rudra-'s abode id est kāśi- or Benares View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrāvasṛṣṭamfn. hurled by rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudravatmfn. (rudr/a--) having rudra- or the rudra- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudravatvadgaṇamfn. (rudr/a--) surrounded by the rudra- troop (said of soma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrayajñam. an oblation or sacrifice offered to rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrāyatanan. a temple dedicated to rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrīf. a kind of lute or guitar (see m.and rudra-vīṇā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudriyamf(ā-)n. relating to rudra- or the rudra-s, coming from them etc. (see śata-r-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudriyan. rudra-'s majesty or power ("pleasure, delight", equals sukha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudropastham. " rudra-'s generative organ", Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ruśanāf. Name of one of the wives of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍaṅgan. equals -rudra- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasrākṣam. of Fire and rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktif. the energy or active power of a deity personified as his wife and worshipped by the śākta- (q.v) sect of Hindus under various names (sometimes only three, sometimes eight śakti- goddesses are enumerated, as follow, indrāṇī-, vaiṣṇavī-, śāntā-, brahmāṇī-, kaumārī-, nārasiṃhī-, vārāhī-, and māheśvarī-, but some substitute cāmuṇḍā- and caṇḍikā- for the third and sixth of these: according to another reckoning there are nine, viz. vaiṣṇavī-, brahmāṇī-, raudrī-, māheśvarī-, nārasiṃhī-, vārāhī-, indrāṇī-, kārttikī-, and pradhānā-: others reckon fifty different forms of the śakti- of viṣṇu- besides lakṣmī-, some of these are kīrtti-, kānti-, tuṣṭi-, puṣṭā-, dhṛti-, śānti-, kriyā-, dayā-, medhā- etc.;and fifty forms of the śakti- of śiva- or rudra- besides durgā- or gaurī-, some of whom are guṇodarī-, virajā-, śālmalī-, lolākṣī-, vartulākṣī-, dīrgha-ghoṇā-, sudīrgha-mukhī-, go-mukhī-, dīrgha-jihvā-, kuṇḍodarī-, ardha-keśī-, vikṛta-mukhī-, jvālā-mukhī-, ulkāmukhī- etc.; sarasvatī- is also named as a śakti-, both of viṣṇu- and rudra-: according to the vāyu-purāṇa- the female nature of rudra- became twofold, one half asita-or white, and the other sita-or black, each of these again becoming manifold, those of the white or mild nature included lakṣmī-, sarasvatī-, gaurī-, umā- etc.;those of the dark and fierce nature, durgā-, kālī- etc.) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samaravijayam. Name of a chapter of the rudra-yāmala-
śambhum. of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṃkaram. Name of rudra- or śiva- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃtānam. Name of a son of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. of a son of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śārikākavacan. Name of a chapter of rudrayāmala-tantra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarpam. Name of one of the 11 rudra-s of a rākṣasa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarpam. Name of the wife of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarpirilāf. Name of the wife of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarūpāf. Name of the wife of bhūta- and mother of innumerable rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarvam. (fr. ś/uru-) Name of a god who kills people with arrows (mentioned together with bhava- and other names of rudra-- śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarvam. of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvajvaravipākam. Name of chapter of the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvavyāpinm. Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatarudram. plural a hundred rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatarudriyamfn. belonging or sacred to a hundred rudra-s ("much celebrated") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatarudriyan. (with or scilicet brahman-) Name of a celebrated hymn and prayer of the yajur-veda- addressed to rudra- (śiva-) in his hundred aspects (occurring in ) etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatarudrīyamfn. having a hundred rudra-s as divinity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śataśīrṣarudraśamanīyamfn. fit to appease the hundred-headed rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saumāraudramfn. (fr. somā-rudra-) relating or belonging to soma- and rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauvarcalāf. Name of rudra-'s wife View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitram. a son or descendant of savitṛ- (applied to karṇa-, candra-ketu-, śiva-, one of the vasu-s, one of the marut-s, and one of the rudra-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānīm. of one of the rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śipiviṣṭamfn. (according to to ) pervaded by rays (applied to rudra-- śiva- and viṣṇu-; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śitikaṇṭhamfn. dark-necked (as rudra-- śiva-; see nīla-k-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivam. "The Auspicious one", Name of the disintegrating or destroying and reproducing deity (who constitutes the third god of the Hindu trimūrti- or Triad, the other two being brahmā-"the creator"and viṣṇu-"the preserver";in the veda- the only Name of the destroying deity was rudra-"the terrible god", but in later times it became usual to give that god the euphemistic N. śiva-"the auspicious"[just as the Furies were called "the gracious ones"], and to assign him the office of creation and reproduction as well as dissolution;in fact the preferential worship of śiva- as developed in the purāṇa-s and Epic poems led to his being identified with the Supreme Being by his exclusive worshippers [called śaiva-s];in his character of destroyer he is sometimes called kāla-"black", and is then also identified with"Time", although his active destroying function is then oftener assigned to his wife under her name kālī-, whose formidable character makes her a general object of propitiation by sacrifices;as presiding over reproduction consequent on destruction śiva-'s symbol is the liṅga- [ q.v ] or Phallus, under which form he is worshipped all over India at the present day;again one of his representations is as ardha-nārī-,"half-female", the other half being male to symbolize the unity of the generative principle[ ];he has three eyes, one of which is in his forehead, and which are thought to denote his view of the three divisions of time, past, present, and future, while a moon's crescent, above the central eye, marks the measure of time by months, a serpent round his neck the measure by years, and a second necklace of skulls with other serpents about his person, the perpetual revolution of ages, and the successive extinction and generation of the races of mankind: his hair is thickly matted together, and gathered above his forehead into a coil;on the top of it he bears the Ganges, the rush of which in its descent from heaven he intercepted by his head that the earth might not be crushed by the weight of the falling stream;his throat is dark-blue from the stain of the deadly poison which would have destroyed the world had it not been swallowed by him on its production at the churning of the ocean by the gods for the nectar of immortality;he holds a tri-śūla-,or three-pronged trident [also called pināka-] in his hand to denote, as some think, his combination of the three attributes of Creator, Destroyer, and Regenerator;he also carries a kind of drum, shaped like an hour-glass, called ḍamaru-: his attendants or servants are called pramatha- [ q.v ];they are regarded as demons or supernatural beings of different kinds, and form various hosts or troops called gaṇa-s;his wife durgā- [otherwise called kālī-, pārvatī-, umā-, gaurī-, bhavāṇī- etc.] is the chief object of worship with the śākta-s and tāntrika-s, and in this connection he is fond of dancing [see tāṇḍava-]and wine-drinking;he is also worshipped as a great ascetic and is said to have scorched the god of love (kāma-deva-) to ashes by a glance from his central eye, that deity having attempted to inflame him with passion for pārvatī- whilst he was engaged in severe penance;in the exercise of his function of Universal Destroyer he is fabled to have burnt up the Universe and all the gods, including brahmā- and viṣṇu-, by a similar scorching glance, and to have rubbed the resulting ashes upon his body, whence the use of ashes in his worship, while the use of the rudrākṣa- berries originated, it is said, from the legend that śiva-, on his way to destroy the three cities, called tri-pura-, let fall some tears of rage which became converted into these beads: his residence or heaven is kailāsa-, one of the loftiest northern peaks of the himālaya-;he has strictly no incarnations like those of viṣṇu-, though vīra-bhadra- and the eight bhairava-s and khaṇḍobā- etc.[ ] are sometimes regarded as forms of him;he is especially worshipped at Benares and has even more names than viṣṇu-, one thousand and eight being specified in the 69th chapter of the śiva-purāṇa- and in the 17th chapter of the anuśāsana-parvan- of the mahā-bhārata-, some of the most common being mahā-deva-, śambhu-, śaṃkara-, īśa-, īśvara-, maheśvara-, hara-;his sons are gaṇeśa- and kārttikeya-) etc.
śivāf. of the mother of rudra-bhaṭṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivābalim. an offering to durgā- (offered at night and consisting chiefly of flesh;also Name of a chapter of the rudra-yāmala- tantra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivapurāṇan. Name of one of the 18 puraṇa-s (devoted to the praise of śiva-, and consisting of 12 saṃhitā-s, viz. vighneśa-, rudra-, vināyaka-, bhauma-, mātṛkā-, rudraikadaśa-, kailāsa-, śata-rudra-, koṭi-rudra-, sahasra-koṭi-rudra-, vāyavīya-, and dharma-saṃhitā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somāraudramfn. belonging to soma- and rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somārudram. dual number soma- and rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somārudran. a hymn addressed to soma- and rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphuṭavivaraṇan. Name of an astronomy work by rudra-- miśra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgāratilakan. Name of various works (especially of a kāvya-, attributed to kālidāsa-, and of a rhetoric work by rudraṭa- or rudra-bhaṭṭa- [12th or 13th century A.D.] corresponding in its contents to the 3rd chapter of the sāhitya-darpaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthāṇum. of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthiradhanvan(sthir/a--) mfn. having a strong bow (said of rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudhāf. Name of the, wife of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sugandhāf. Name of various other plants and trees (equals vandhyā-, karkoṭakī-, rudra-jaṭā-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sugandhapattrān. equals rudra-jaṭā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūladharamfn. bearing a spear (applied to rudra-siva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūlagavam. an ox fit for a spit (presented as an offering to rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūlapāṇim. Name of rudra- śiva- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūlinm. Name of rudra- śiva- (as holding a trident) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
supattram. a kind of creeper (equals rudra-jaṭā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
surabhif(i-also ī-). Name of a fabulous cow (daughter of dakṣa- and wife of kaśyapa-, mother of cattle and of the rudra-s, sometimes considered as one of the mātṛ-s or as the cow of plenty; surabheḥ sutāḥ-,"the children of surabhi-" id est"cattle") etc. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sureśvaram. of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svadhāf. "own portion or share", the sacrificial offering due to each god, (especially) the food or libation, or refreshing drink (see 2. su-dhā-) offered to the pitṛ-s or spirits of deceased ancestors (consisting of clarified butter etc. and often only a remainder of the havis-;also applied to other oblations or libations, and personified as a daughter of dakṣa- and wife of the pitṛ-s or of aṅgiras- or of a rudra- or of agni-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svāhāf. an oblation (offered to agni-, indra- etc.) or Oblation personified (as a daughter of dakṣa- and wife of agni-;she is thought to preside over burnt-offerings;her body is said to consist of the four veda-s, and her limbs are the six aṅga-s or members of the veda-;she is represented also as a wife of the rudra- paśu-pati-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svapivātamfn. (See api-vat-) understanding or meaning well (said of rudra-) (according to to "whose speech is trustworthy or authoritative"; according to to others,"much desired", fr. api-van-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svargam. Name of a son of the rudra- bhīma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāramfn. ( tṝ-) carrying across, a saviour, protector (rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tārācakran. Name of a mystical circle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīrthasadmfn. dwelling at tīrtha-s (rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trayīmayamf(ī-)n. consisting of or containing or resting on the 3 veda-s (the sun, ;the sun's chariot, 21, 12) (rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tridaśam. plural (see and dvi-d-) the 3 x 10 (in round number for 3 x 11) deities (12 āditya-s, 8 vasu-s, 11 rudra-s, and 2 aśvin-s; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tripurasundarīf. durgā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛptimatmfn. satisfied, finding satisfaction in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tryambakam. "three-eyed"(originally probably"three-mothered" fr. the threefold expression /ambe /ambik/e 'mbālike- etc.; see tri-māt/ṛ-and traimātura-) rudra- or (later on) śiva- etc. (triy-- ; see vArttika ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tryambakam. Name of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tryambakam. plural (equals traiy-) the cakes sacred to rudra- try-ambaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tvaṣṭṛm. of a rudra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugram. Name of rudra- or śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugram. of a particular rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugraretasm. a form of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ulapyam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ulapyam. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ulkācakran. (in astrology) a particular position of the stars, rudrayāmala- () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uśanāf. Name of a wife of rudra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣasf. Name of a wife of bhava- (=) or rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatam. Name of one of the rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vajrabāhumfn. (v/ajra--) "thunderbolt-armed", wielder of a thunderbolt (said of indra-, agni- and rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakram. Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vālmīkim. (with kavi-) of the son of rudra-maṇi- tri-pāṭhin- and author of the ramalendu-prakāśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāmam. of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāstavyamfn. left on any spot (as a worthless remainder;also applied to rudra-, to whom the leavings of the sacrifice belong) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāstoṣpatim. Name of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasumf(u-or -)n. Name of the gods (as the"good or bright ones", especially of the āditya-s, marut-s, aśvin-s, indra-, uṣas-, rudra-, vāyu-, viṣṇu-, śiva-, and kubera-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasumf(u-or -)n. of a particular class of gods (whose number is usually eight, and whose chief is indra-, later agni- and viṣṇu-;they form one of the nine gaṇa-s or classes enumerated under gaṇa-devatā- q.v;the eight vasu-s were originally personifications, like other Vedic deities, of natural phenomena, and are usually mentioned with the other gaṇa-s common in the veda-, viz. the eleven rudra-s and the twelve āditya-s, constituting with them and with dyau-s,"Heaven", and pṛthivī-,"Earth"[or, according to some, with indra- and prajā-pati-, or, according to others, with the two aśvin-s], the thirty-three gods to which reference is frequently made;the names of the vasu-s, according to the viṣṇu-purāṇa-, are, 1. āpa- [connected with ap-,"water"];2. dhruva-,"the Pole-star";3. soma-,"the Moon";4. dhava- or dhara-;5. anila-,"Wind";6. anala- or pāvaka-,"Fire";7. pratyūṣa-,"the Dawn";8. prabhāsa-,"Light";but their names are variously given; ahan-,"Day", being sometimes substituted for 1;in their relationship to Fire and Light they appear to belong to Vedic rather than Puranic mythology) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijayam. of the lance of rudra- (personified) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikiriḍa()mfn. applied to rudra- (according to to Scholiast or Commentator"averting wounds"or"sending off arrows") .
vikirida() mfn. applied to rudra- (according to to Scholiast or Commentator"averting wounds"or"sending off arrows") .
vikiridra() mfn. applied to rudra- (according to to Scholiast or Commentator"averting wounds"or"sending off arrows") .
vilohitam. of rudra- and Fire (is identified with rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīram. (with, tāntrika-s) an adept (who is between the divya-and the paśu- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrabhadram. Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virudra(v/i--) mfn. not accompanied by rudra- or the rudra-s (others"shining, brilliant") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virūpākṣam. of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣākapim. of one of the 11 rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttif. Name of the wife of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyuptakeśam. Name of rudra- and of Fire (as identified with rudra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yāmalan. Name of a class of tantra- works (of which 3 or 7 or 8 are mentioned; see rudra-yāmala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yayāticaritan. "the story of yayāti-", Name of a nāṭaka- (by rudra-deva-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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aja अज a. [न जायते; जन्-ड. न. त.] Unborn, existing from all eternity; यो मामजमनादिं च वेत्ति लोकमहेश्वरम् Bg.1. 3; अजस्य गृह्णतो जन्म R.1.24. -जः 1 The 'unborn', epithet of the Almighty Being; न हि जातो न जाये$हं न जनिष्ये कदाचन । क्षेत्रज्ञः सर्वभूतानां तस्मादहमजः स्मृतः ॥ Mb.; also a N. of Viṣṇu, Śiva or Brahmā. -2 The (individual) soul (जीवः) अजो नित्यः शाश्वतो$यं पुराणो न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे Bg.2.2. -3 A ram, he-goat (अजेन ब्रह्मणा दक्षयज्ञभङ्गसमये मेषरूपग्रहणेन पलायमानत्वात् अजाधिष्ठितरूपवत्त्वात् मेषस्य उपचारात् अजत्वम् Tv.] -4 The sign Aries. -5 A sort of corn or grain; अजैर्यष्टव्यं तत्राजा व्रीहयः Pt.3. -6 Mover, leader (Ved.), said of Indra, Maruts, &c.; a drove. -7 N. of a mineral substance (माक्षिकधातु). -8 N. of the Moon or Kāmadeva (आत् विष्णोर्जायते इति; cf. चन्द्रमा मनसो जातः). -9 A vehicle of the sun. -1 N. of the father of Daśaratha and grand-father of Rāma; so called because he was born on the Brāhma Muhūrta. -11 N. of a Ṛiṣi. cf. अजो हरौ हरे कामे विधौ छागे रघोः सुते । Nm. -Comp. -अदः [अजम् अत्तीति; अद्-कर्मण्यण् P.III.2.9.] N. of the ancestor of a warrior tribe, P.IV.1.171. -अदनी [अजैः तृप्त्या अन्यैः दुःखस्पर्शत्वे$पि अद्यते; अद् कर्मणि ल्युट्] a kind of prickly nightshade, दुरालभा (Mar. धमासा). -अन्त्री [अजस्य अन्त्रमिव अन्त्रं तदाकारवती मञ्जरी यस्याः] N. of a pot-herb Convolvulus Argenteus, नीलबुह्ना. (Mar. शंखवेल ?) -अविकम् [अजाश्चावयश्च तेषां समाहारः द्वन्द्व] goats and sheep; small cattle; अजाविके तु संरुद्धे Ms.8.235. खरोष्ट्र- महिषीश्चैव यच्च किञ्चिदजाविकम् Mb.1.113.35. -अश्वम् goats and horses. (-श्वः) the Sun or Pūṣan, who has goats for the horses. -एकपाद्-दः [अजस्य छागस्य एकः पाद इव पादो यस्य] N. of one of the 11 Rudras, or of the asterism पूर्वाभाद्रपदा presided over by that deity. -एडकम् [अजाश्च एडकाश्च तेषां समाहारः] goats and rams. -कर्णः -कर्णकः [अजस्य कर्णं इव पर्णं यस्य-स्वार्थे कन्] N. of the plant असनवृक्ष Terminalia Alata Tomentosa; of another tree साल Shorea Robusta. -गन्धा [अजस्य गन्ध इव गन्धो यस्याः सा] the shrubby basil, वनयामानी. -गन्धिका a kind of वर्वरीशाक (Mar. तिलवणी, कानफोडी). -गन्धिनी = अजशृङ्गी q. v. -गरः [अजं छागं गिरति भक्षयति; गॄ-अच्] a huge serpent (boa-constrictor) who is said to swallow goats. (-री) N. of a plant. -गल See अजागल below. -गल्लिका [अजस्य गल्ल इव] an infantile disease (Mentagra). -जीवः, -जीविकः [अजैस्तच्चारणेन जीवति; अजा एव जीविका यस्य वा] a goat-herd; so -˚पः, -˚पालः. -दण्डी [अजस्य ब्रह्मणो दण्डो यस्याः सा] ब्रह्मदण्डी a kind of plant (ब्रह्मणो यज्ञार्थदण्डस्य तदीयकाष्ठेन करणात् तथात्वम्). -देवता 1 N. of the 25th asterism. पूर्वाभाद्रपदा. -2 fire, the presiding deity of goats (रौद्री धेनुर्विनिर्दिष्टा छाग आग्नेय उच्यते). -नामकः [अजः नाम यस्य सः कप्] a mineral substance. -नाशनः A wolf. -पतिः 1 the best of goats. -2 N. of Mars; lord of the sign Aries. -पथः = अजवीथिः q. v. -पदः, -पाद्-दः N. of a Rudra; See अजैकपाद above. -बन्धुः [अजस्य बन्धुरिव मूर्खत्वात्] a fool (silly like the goat). -भक्षः [अजैर्भक्ष्यते असौ भक्ष्-कर्मणि घञ्] N. of the वर्वरी plant (तिळवण the leaves of which are very dear to goats). -मायु a. Ved. bleating like a goat (a frog) गोमायुरेक अजमायुरेकः Rv.7. 13.6,1. -मारः [अजं मारयति विक्रयार्थं; मृ-णिच्-अण्] 1 a butcher. -2 N. of a country (the modern Ajmeer, which, it is supposed, formerly abounded in butchers). -3 N. of a tribe (गण). -मीढः [अजो मीढो यज्ञे सिक्तो यत्र ब.] 1 N. of the place called Ajmeer. -2 N. of the eldest son of Hasti, born in the family of Puru, son of Yayāti. -3 N. of a son of सुहोत्र and author of some Vedic hyms like Rv.4.43. -4 surname of Yudhisṭhira. -मुख a. goat-faced. (खः) N. of a Prajāpati (Dakṣa). When Dakṣa reviled Śiva at his sacrificial session, Vīrabhadra pulled out his face, and afterwards at the request of Śiva himself he put up a goat's face in place of the original human one. (-खी) N. of a Rākṣasī kept to watch over Sītā in the Aśoka garden at Laṅkā. -मोदा, -मोदिका [अजस्य मोद इव मोदो गन्धो यस्याः, अजं मोदयतीति वा] N. of a very useful medicinal plant, Common Carroway; the species called Apium Involucratum or Ligusticum Ajowan (Mar. ओंवा). अजमोदां च बाह्लीकं जीरकं लोध्रकं तथा । _x001F_+Śiva. B.3.18 -लम्बनम् [अज इव लम्ब्यते गृह्यते कृष्णवर्णत्वात् कर्मणि ल्युट्] antimony. (Mar. सुरमा). -लोमन्, -लोमी -मा [अजस्य लोमेव लोममञ्जरी यस्य-स्याः वा] cowage, Carpopogon Pruriens (Mar. कुहिली). -वस्तिः [अजस्य वस्तिरिव वस्ति- र्यस्य] N. of a sage, or of a tribe sprung from him. -वीथिः -थी f. [अजेन ब्रह्मणा निर्मिता वीथिः शाक त.] 1 one of the three divisions of the southern path comprehending the three asterisms मूल, पूर्वाषाढा and उत्तराषाढा; a sort of heavenly passage (गगनसेतु, यमनाला); पितृयानो$- जवीथ्याश्च यदगस्त्यस्य चान्तरम् Y.3.184. -2 goat's path. -शृङ्गी [अजस्य मेषस्य शृङ्गमिव फलं यस्याः सा] N. of a plant, विषाणी or Odina Wodier, highly medicinal, (Mar. मेंढशिंगी), See मेषशृङ्गी.
aparājita अपराजित a. Unconquered, invincible, unsurpassed; ˚ता दिक् the north-east direction, (ऐशानी) so called because the Gods were not defeated there; ते (देवासुराः) उदीच्यां प्राच्यां दिश्ययतन्त ते ततो न पराजयन्त सैषा दिगपराजिता Ait. Br., अपराजितां वास्थाय व्रजेद्दिशमजिह्मगः Ms.6.31. -तः 1 A sort of poisonous insect. -2 N. of Viṣṇu; N. of Śiva. अपराजित -अप्रतिहत -जयन्त -वैजयन्त -कोष्ठकान् ...पुरमध्ये कारयेत् Kau. A.2.4. -3 One of the 11 Rudras. -4 A class of divinities forming a portion of the अनुत्तर divinities of the Jainas. -5 N. of a sage. -ता N. of Durgā, to be worshipped on the Vijayādaśamī or Dasarā day; तिष्ठ देवि शिखाबन्धे चामुण्डे ह्यपराजिते Sandhyā; दशम्यां च नरैः सम्यक् पूजनीया$पराजिता । ...ददाति विजयं देवी पूजिता जयवर्धिनी Skanda P. -2 N. of several plants; दूर्वा, शेफालिका, जयन्ती, असन, शङ्खिनी, हपुषा, असनपर्णी. -3 A kind of plant (or ओषधि) fastened round the wrist and serving as a charm or amulet; see. Ś.7. (In Vikramorvaśīyam Act 2, Kālidāsa uses अपराजिता in the sense of a spell or विद्या; ननु भगवता देवगुरुणा अपराजितां नाम शिखाबन्धनविद्यामुप- दिशता त्रिदशपरिपक्षस्यालङ्घनीये कृते स्वः). -4 The north-east quarter; see under ˚त above. -5 A kind of metre, 4 lines with 14 syllables in each -6 A sort of Yoginī. अपराजिष्णु aparājiṣṇu पराजेय parājēya अपराजिष्णु पराजेय a. Invincible.
ardha अर्ध (Written also as अर्द्ध) a. [ऋध्-णिच्-अच्; according to Nir. from धृ, or ऋध्] Half, forming a half (divided into 2 parts); अर्ध-अर्ध the one half-the other half. -र्धः [ऋध्-घञ्] 1 A place, region, country; house, habitation (Ved.). -2 Increase (वृद्धि). -3 Wind. -4 A part, portion, side. -र्धम्, -र्धः 1 A half, half portion; पचाति नेमो न हि पक्षदर्धः Rv.1.27.18. सर्वनाशे समुत्पन्ने अर्धं त्यजति पण्डितः, गतमर्धं दिवसस्य V.2; पूर्वार्धः first half; so उत्तर˚ latter half; दक्षिण˚ southern half (half on the right side); so अवर˚, जघन˚, पर˚, ग्राम˚ &c.; यदर्धे विच्छिन्नम् Ś.1.9 divided in half; ऋज्वायतार्धम् M.27; R.3.59; 12.99; रात्रौ तदर्धं गतम् Bh.3.17; one part of two, apart, partly (Ved.); -2 Nearness, proximity; see अर्धदेव. (अर्ध may be compounded with almost every noun and adjective; as first member of compound with nouns it means 'a half of' and forms an एकदेशिसमास or तत्पुरुष; ˚कायः = अर्धं कायस्य; ˚पिप्पली, ˚मार्गः; ˚पुरुषः &c.; with adjectives, it has an adverbial force; ˚श्याम half dark; ˚भुक्त half eaten; so ˚पिष्ट, ˚पूर्ण &c.; with numeral adjectives it may mean either 'a half of' or 'with an additional half'; ˚शतम् half of 1 i. e. 5; or अर्धेन सहितं शतम् i. e. 15; with ordinal numerals 'with a half or that number'; ˚तृतीयम् containing two and the third only half; i. e. two and a half; so ˚चतुर्थ three and a half. cf. अर्धं खण्डे समांशके Nm. -Comp. -अक्षि n. side-look, wink. नगरस्त्रीशङ्कितार्धाक्षिदृष्टम् Mk.8.42. -अङ्गम् half the body. -अन्तरम् half the distance; ˚एकपदता a fault in composition; see S. D. 575. -अंशः a half, the half. -अंशिन् a. sharing a half. -अर्धः, -र्धम् 1 half of a half, quarter; चरर्धार्धभागाभ्यां तामयोजयतामुभे R.1.56. -3 half and half. -अवभेदकः 1 pain in half the head, hemicrania (Mar. अर्धशिशी). (-कम्) dividing in equal parts. -अवशेष a. having only a half left. -अकारः 1 half the letter अ. -2 N. of अवग्रह q. v. -असिः A sword with one edge, a small sword; अर्धासिभिस्तथा खङ्गैः Mb.7.137.15. -आसनम् 1 half a seat; अर्धासनं गोत्रभिदो$धितष्ठौ R.6.73; मम हि दिवौकसां समक्षमर्धासनोपवेशितस्य Ś.7 (it being considered a mark of a very great respect to make room for a guest &c. on the same seat with oneself). -2 greeting kindly or with great respect. -3 exemption from censure. -इन्दुः 1 the half or crescent moon. -2 semicircular impresion of a finger-nail, crescent-shaped nail-print; कुचयोर्नखाङ्कैरर्धेन्दुलीलैः N.6.25. -3 an arrow with a crescent-shaped head (= अर्धचन्द्र below.); ˚मौलि N. of Śiva तत्र व्यक्तं दृषदि चरणन्यासमर्धेन्दुमौलेः Me.57. -इन्द्र a. that of which a half belongs to Indra. -उक्त a. half said or uttered; रामभद्र इति अर्धोक्ते महाराज U.1. -उक्तिः f. a broken speech; an interrupted speech. -उदकम् water reaching half the body. -उदयः 1 the rising of the half moon. -2 partial rise. -3 a kind of parvan; ˚आसनम् a sort of posture in meditatiou. -उदित a. 1 half risen. -2 half uttered. -ऊरुक a. [अर्धमूरोः अर्धोरु तत्र काशते] reaching to the middle of the thighs. (-कम्) 1 a short petti-coat (Mar. परकर); see चण्डातक. -2 mantle, veil. -कर्णः Radius, half the diameter. -कृत a. half done, incomplete. -केतुः N. of Rudra. -कोशः a moiety of one's treasure. -कौडविक a. measuring half a kuḍava. -खारम्, -री a kind of measure, half a Khāri; P.V.4.11. -गङ्गा N. of the river Kāverī; (स्नानादौ गङ्गास्नानार्धफलदायिनी); so ˚जाह्नवी -गर्भ a. Ved. 1 in the middle of the womb; सप्तार्धगर्भा भुवनस्य रेतो Rv. 1.164.36. -2 N. of the rays of the Sun. -गुच्छः a necklace of 24 strings. -गुञ्जा half a gunja. -गोलः a hemisphere. -चक्रवर्तिन्, -चक्रिन् m. N. of the nine black Vasudevas and the nine enemies of Viṣṇu. -चन्द्र a. crescent-shaped. (-न्द्रः) 1 the half moon, crescent moon; सार्धचन्द्रं बिभर्ति यः Ku.6.75. -2 the semicircular marks on a peacock's tail. -3 an arrow with a crescent-shaped head; अर्धचन्द्रमुखैर्बाणैश्चिच्छेद कदलीसुखम् R.12.96. cf. अर्धचन्द्रस्तदाकारे बाणे बर्हे शिखण्डिनः Nm. -4 crescent-shaped nail-print. -5 the hand bent into a semicircle, as for the purpose of seizing or clutching anything; ˚न्द्र दा to seize by the neck and turn out; दीयतामेतस्यार्धचन्द्रः Pt.1. (-द्रा) N. of a plant (कर्णस्फोट). -चन्द्राकार, -चन्द्राकृति a. half-moonshaped. -चन्द्रकम् A semi-circular pearl. Kau. (-रः, -ति f.) meniscus. -चन्द्रिका N. of a climbing plant. (Mar. तिळवण). -चित्र a. Half-transparent; A kind of marble; अर्धाङ्गदृश्यमानं च तदर्धचित्रमिति स्मृतम् Māna.51.1. -चोलकः a short bodice. -जरतीयन्यायः a kind of न्याय, न चेदानीमर्धजरतीयं लभ्यं वृद्धिर्मे भविष्यति स्वरो नेति MBh.4.1. 78. See under न्याय. -जीविका, -ज्या The sine of an arc. -तनुः f. half the body. -तिक्तः N. of a plant (नेपालनिम्ब Mar. चिराईत). -तूरः a kind of musical instrument. -दिनम्, दिवसः 1 half a day, mid-day. -2 a day of 12 hours. -देवः 1 demi-god. इन्द्रं न वृत्रतुरमर्धदेवम् Rv. 4.42.8-9. -2 Ved. being near the gods; (देवानां समीपे बर्तमानः Sāy.). -द्रौणिक a. measuring a half droṇa. -धारः a knife or lancet with a single edge (one of the 2 surgical instruments mentioned by Suśruta). -नाराचः a crescent-shaped iron-pointed arrow; नाराचानर्धनाराचाञ्शस्त्राणि विविधानि च Mbh.2.51.35; गृध- लक्षवेधी अर्धनाराचः V.5. -नारायणः a form of Viṣṇu. -नारीशः, -नारीश्वरः, -नारी, -नटेश्वरः a form of Śiva, (half male and half female) cf.... पतिरपि जगता- मर्धनारीश्वरो$भूत् Sūkti.5.99. -नावम् half a boat. -निशा midnight. -पञ्चम a. Four and half; युक्तश्छन्दांस्य- धीयीत मासान्विप्रो$र्धपञ्चमान् Ms.4.95. -पञ्चशत् f. twenty five Ms.8.268. -पणः a measure containing half paṇa Ms.8.44. -पथम् half way. (-पथे) midway भृतिमर्ध- पथे सर्वान्प्रदाप्य Y.2.198. -पादः half a pāda or foot; अर्धपादं किष्कुविष्कम्भमुद्धृत्य Dk.19. -पादा The plant भूम्यामलकी (Mar. भूईआवळी). -पादिक a. having half a foot; सद्यः कार्यो$र्धपादिकः Ms.8.325. -पाञ्चालिक a. born or produced in the ardhapanchāla. -पारावतः a kind of pigeon (अर्धेनाङ्गेन पारावत इव). The francolin partridge. -पुलायितः a half gallop, canter; चित्रं चकार पदमर्धपुलायितेन Śi.5.1. -प्रहर half a watch, one hour and a half. -प्राणम् A kind of joinery resembling the shape of a bisected heart; मूलाग्रे कीलकं युक्तमर्धप्राणमिति स्मृतम् । Māna.17.99. -भागः a half, half a share or part; तदर्धभागेन लभस्व काङ्क्षितम् Ku.5.5; R.7.45. -भागिक a. sharing a half; मृते पितरि कुर्युस्तं भ्रातरस्त्वर्धभागिकम्म् Y.2.134. -भाज् a. sharing entitled to a half; अर्धभाग्रक्षणाद्राजा Ms.8.39. -2 a companion, sharer; देवानामर्धभागासि Av.6.86.3. -भास्करः mid-day. -भेदः Hemiplegia (अर्धाङ्गवायुः); Suś. -भोटिका a kind of cake. -भ्रमः -मकः a kind of artificial composition; for instances see Ki.15.27; Śi.19.72. The Sar. K. describes it as a figure of speech thus :-- आहुरर्धभ्रमं नाम श्लोकार्धभ्रमणं यदि. -मागधी N. of a dialect in which many of Jaina Canonical books are written. It is so named perhaps because many of the characteristics of Māgadhi are found in it. -माणवकः, -माणवः a necklace of 12 strings (माणवक consisting of 24.) -मात्रा 1 half a (short) syllable. अर्धमात्रालाघवेन पुत्रोत्सवं मन्यन्ते वैयाकरणाः Pari Sik. -2 a term for a consonant (व्यञ्जनं चार्धमात्रकम्). -मार्गे ind. mid-way; बन्दीकृता विबुधशत्रुभिरर्धमार्गे V.1.3. -मासः half a month, a fortnight. -मासतम = ˚मासिक see P.V.2.57. -मासिक a. 1 happening every fortnight. -2 lasting for a fortnight; ये$र्धमासाश्च च मासाश्च Mahānārā. 25. Y.2.177. -मुष्टिः f. a half-clenched hand. -यामः half a watch. -रथः [अर्धः असंपूर्णः रथः रथी] a warrior who fights on a car with another (who is not so skilled as a रथी); रणे रणे$भिमानी च विमुखश्चापि दृश्यते । घृणी कर्णः प्रमादी च तेन मे$र्धरथो मतः Mb. -रात्रः [अर्ध रात्रेः] 1 midnight; अथार्धरात्रे स्तिमितप्रदीपे R.16.4; स्थिते$र्धरात्रे Dk.19. -2 a night containing half a whole day of 24 hours. -रात्रार्धदिवसः equinox. -लभ्मीहरिः Hari having a form half like Lakṣmī. -विसर्गः, -विसर्ज- नीयः the Visarga sound before क्, ख्, प्, and फ्, so called because its sign () is the half of a Visarga (). -वीक्षणम् a side-look, glance, leer. -वृद्ध a. middle-aged. -वृद्धिः The half of the interest or rent; Ms.8.15. -वैनाशिकः N. of the followers of Kaṇāda (arguing half perishableness). -वैशसम् half or incomplete murder; विधिना कृतमर्धवैशसं ननु मां कामवधे विमुञ्चता Ku.4.31. -व्यासः the radius of a circle. -शतम् 1 fifty. -2 One hundred and fifty; Ms.8.267. -शनम् [अर्धमशनस्य शकन्ध्वा˚] half a meal. -शफरः a kind of fish. -शब्द a. having a low voice. -शेष a. having only a half left. -श्याम a. half clouded. -श्लोकः half a śloka or verse. -सम a. equal to a half. (-मम्) N. of a class of metres in which the 1st and 3rd and 2nd and 4th lines have the same syllables and Gaṇas; such as पुष्पिताग्रा. -सस्य a. half the crops, half grown. -सहः An owl. -सीरिन् m. 1 a cultivator, ploughman who takes half the crop for his labour; शूद्रेषु दासगोपालकुलमित्रार्धसीरिणः Y.1.166. -2 = अर्धिक q. v. -हर, -हारिन् a. occupying the half (of the body); Ku.1.5; एको रागिषु राजते प्रियतमादेहार्ध- हारी हरः Bh.3.121. -हारः a necklace of 64 strings. A half chain, a kind of ornament; नक्षत्रमालामपि चार्धहारं सुवर्णसूत्रं परितः स्तनाभ्याम् Māna.5.297-98. cf. also Kau. A.2.11. -ह्रस्वः half a (short) syllable.
āvyādhin आव्याधिन् a. [आ-व्यध्-णिनि] Giving pain, wounding, attacking. -नी A gang of robbers; नम आव्याधिनीभ्यः Rudra.
āśu आशु a. [अश्-व्याप्तौ उण्] Fast, quick -शुः Ved. 1 'The quick one', a horse. -2 Rice (ripening quickly in the rainy season). -शु ind. Fast, quickly, immediately, directly; Bg.2.65; वर्त्म भानोस्त्यजाशु Me.41,22. [cf. L. acu; Gr. okus.] -Comp. -आपस् a. obtaining quickly. -कारिन्, -कृत् a. 1 doing anything quickly, smart, active. -2 operating quickly (as a medicine). -कोपिन् a. irascible, irritable. -क्रिया quick operation of a medicine. -ग a. swift, quick. (-गः) 1 the wind. -2 the sun. -3 an arrow; पपावनास्वादितपूर्वमा- शुगः R.3.54,11.83,12.91 -गामिन् a. going quickly. m. the sun. -तोष a. easily appeased or pleased. (--षः) an epithet of Śiva. -पत्री a tree which yields frankincense (शल्लकीलता). -पत्वन् a. flying quickly. -फलः A kind of weapon. -बोध a. teaching quickly, N. of a treatise of grammar. -या a. going quickly. -ind. quickly. -व्रीहिः rice ripening in the rainy season. -षेण a. Ved. having swift arrows. नम आशुषेणाय चाशुरथाय च Rudra. -संधेय a. Easy to be joined together or reconciled. -हेमन् a. running on quickly, urging the horses. -हेषस् a. Ved. quickly neighing; having quick horses, quickly praised; (शीघ्रशब्दायमान) N. of the Aśvins.
irāvat इरावत् a. 1 Granting drink or refreshment, satiating. -2 Endowed with provisions, comfortable. आत्मा हि जज्ञ आत्मनः स इरावत्यतितारिणी Ait. Br.VII.13. m. (-वान्) 1 Ocean. -2 A cloud. -3 A king. -4 N. of a son of Arjuna. -ती 1 N. of a river in the Panjab (रावी). -2 N. of a plant. -3 N. of Durgā, Rudra's wife.
īśa ईश a. [ईश्-क] 1 Owning, possessing, sharing, master or lord of; see below. -2 One who is completely master of anything. -3 Capable of (with gen.) -4 Powerful, supreme. -शः 1 A lord, master; with gen. or in comp.; कथंचिदीशा मनसां बभूवुः Ku.3.34 with great difficulty controlled (were masters of) their minds; so वागीश, सुरेश &c. -2 A husband. -3 A Rudra. -4 The number 11 (derived from the eleven Rudras). -5 N. of Śiva (as regent of the north-east quarter. -6 The Supreme god (परमेश्वर); व्यक्ताव्यक्तं भरते विश्वमीश- मीड्यम् Śevt. Up.1.8; प्रसादये त्वामहमीशमीड्यम् Bg.11.44. श्रीवत्सधामापररात्र ईशः Bhāg.6.8.22. -शा 1 Supremacy, power, dominion, greatness. Śvet. Up.4.7. -2 N. of Durgā. -3 A woman having supremacy; a rich lady. -Comp. -कान्तः A class of the eleven-storeyed buildings. (Mānasāra 21.1.11). -कोणः the north-east quarter. -गीता f. N. of a section of the Kūrma Purāṇa. -दण्डः Axle-pole or a car. -पुरी, -नगरी N. of Benares. -बलम् the missile पाशुपत. -सखः an epithet of Kubera.
īśāna ईशान a. [ईश् ताच्छील्ये चानश्] 1 Owning, possessing, master or lord. -2 Reigning, ruling. -3 Wealthy, rich. -नः 1 A ruler, master, lord; ईशानो भूतभव्यस्य Kaṭh. Up.4.12. -2 N. of Śiva; ईशानसंदर्शनलालसानाम् Ku.7.56; K.1. -3 The Ārdrā Nakṣtra. -4 One of the Rudras. -5 The number 'eleven'. -6 The sun as a form of Śiva. पर्जन्यो यमो मृत्युरीशानः Bṛi. Up.1. 4.11. -7 A Sādhya. -8 N. of Viṣṇu. -नी N. of Durgā. -नी, -नः The silk-cotton tree (शाल्मली; Mar. सांवरी). -नम् Light, splendour. -Comp. -आदिपञ्चमूर्तिः f. one of the five forms of Śiva. -कल्पः N. of a Kalpa. -कृत् a. 1 making one a master or able. -2 acting like a competent person.
ugra उग्र a. [उच्-रन् गश्चान्तादेशः Uṇ.2.28] 1 Fierce, cruel, ferocious, savage (as a look &c.); ˚दर्शनः having a fierce or cruel look. -2 Formidable, terrific, frightful; सिंहनिपातमुग्रम् R.2.5; Bg.11.3; Ms.6.75,12.75; ˚दन्तः, ˚नासिकः &c. -3 Powerful, mighty, strong, violent, intense; उग्रातपां वेलाम् Ś.3 intensely hot. उग्रशोकाम् Me.115 v. l.; निखिलरसायनराजो गन्धेनोग्रेण लशुन इव Bv. Sharp, pungent, hot, -5 High, noble. यत्र भगवानास्ते वाल्मीकिसुग्रधीः Rām.7.49.1. -6 Angry, passionate, wrathful. -7 Ready to do any work, industrious. -ग्रः 1 N. of Śiva or Rudra; जघ्ने$द्भुतैणवपुषा$$श्रमतो$- पकृष्टो मारीचमाशु विशिखेन यथा कमुग्रः Bhāg.9.1.1. -2 N. of a mixed tribe, descendant of a Kṣatriya father and Śūdra mother (his business being to catch or kill animals dwelling in holes, such as snakes; cf. क्षत्रियाच्छूद्रकन्यायां क्रूराचारविहारवान् । क्षत्रशूद्र- वपुर्जन्तुरुग्रो नाम प्रजायते ॥ Ms.1.9,13,15.). -3 N. of a tree शोभाञ्जनवृक्ष (Mar. शेवगा). -4 A group of five asterisms; their names are :- पूर्वाफल्गुनी, पूर्वाषाढा, पूर्वाभाद्रपदा, मघा and भरणी. -5 N. of a country called Kerala (Modern Malabar). -6 The sentiment called रौद्र. -7 Wind. -8 A royal attendant (like उग्र tribe); उग्राः प्रत्येनसः सूतग्रामण्यः Bṛi. Up.4.3.37. -ग्रा 1 N. of different plants; वचा, यवानी, धन्याक. (Mar. वेखंड, ओवा, मेथी). -2 A cruel woman. -ग्री A kind of being belonging to the class of demons; य उग्रीणामुग्रबाहुर्ययुः Av.4.24.2. -ग्रम् 1 A certain deadly poison, the root of Aconitum Ferox (वत्सनाभविषम्; Mar. बचनाग). -2 Wrath, anger. -Comp. -ईशः the mighty or terrible lord, N. of Śiva. -कर्मन् n. fierce in action, cruel. -काण्डः a sort of gourd (कारवेल). -काली form of Durgā. -गन्ध a. strongsmelling. (-न्धः) 1 the Cahmpaka tree. -2 N. of other trees also; कटुफल, अर्जकवृक्ष. -3 garlic. (-न्धा) 1 Orris root. -2 a medicinal plant. -3 N. of various plants; यवानी, वचा, अजमोदा. (-न्धम्) Asafœtida. -गन्धिन् a. strong-smelling. -चयः a strong desire. -चारिणी, -चण्डा N. of Durgā. -जाति a. base-born. -तारा N. of a goddess. -तेजस् a. endowed with powerful or terrible energy. -दंष्ट्र a. having terrific teeth. -दण्ड a. ruling with a rod of iron, stern, cruel, relentless; Pt.3. -ण्डः Stern rule; तस्योग्रदण्डसंविग्नाः सर्वे लोकाः सपालकाः । अन्यत्रालब्धशरणाः शरणं ययुरच्युतम् ॥ Bhāg.7.4.21. -दर्शन, -रूप a. frightful in appearance, fierce-looking, grim, terrible. -दुहितृ f. the daughter of a powerful man. -धन्वन् a. having a powerful bow. (m.) N. of Śiva and Indra; पिङ्गस्तमुग्रधन्वा कृणोतु हृदयाविधम् Av.8.6.18. -नासिक a. large-nosed. -पीठम् A ground plan in which the whole area is divided into 36 equal parts (Mānasāra 7.7). -पुत्र a. born in a mighty family. (-त्रः) N. of Kārttikeya. -पूति a. horribly stinking; Māl.5.16. -रेतस् m. a form of Rudra. -वीर a. having powerful men. -वीर्यः Assafœtida (Mar. हिंग). -शासन a. strict in orders, severe in commands. -शेखरा 'crest of Śiva'. N. of the Ganges. -शोक a. sorely-grieving, deeply afflicted. -श्रवस् (see वृद्धश्रवस्) N. of the son of रोमहर्षण. उग्रश्रवाः पुरा सूतो रोमहर्षणसंभवः Bm.1.2. -श्रवणदर्शन a. terrible to hear and see. -सेनः 1 N. of a son of Dhṛitarāṣṭra. -2 N. of a king of Mathurā and father of Kaṁsa. He was deposed by his son; but Kṛiṣṇa after having slain Kaṁsa restored him to the throne. (-ना) N. of the wife of Akrūra; ˚जः N. of Kaṁsa, the uncle and enemy of Krisna.
uccaiḥ उच्चैः ind. [cf. Uṇ.5.12] 1 Aloft, high, on high, above, upwards (opp. नीचम्-चैः); पश्चादुच्चैर्भवति हरिणः Ś.4. v. l.; विपद्युच्चैः स्थेयम् Bh.2.28; उच्चैरुदात्तः P.I.2.29. -2 Loudly, with a loud noise; उच्चैर्विहस्य; R.2.12,51; Bg.1.12. -3 Powerfully, intensely, very much, greatly; विदधति भयमुच्चैर्वीक्ष्यमाणा वनान्ताः Ṛs.1.22; आश्लेष- मर्पय मदर्पितपूर्वमुच्चैः Amaru.133. -4 (Used as an adj. in comp. or by itself) (a) high, noble; जनो$यमुच्चैः पदलङ्- घनोत्सुकः Ku.5.64,6.75; ˚कुलं चात्मनः Ś4.17; किं पुन- र्यस्तथोच्चैः Me.17; Ratn.4.16. (b) distinguished, preeminent, famous; उच्चैरुच्चैःश्रवास्तेन Ku.2.47, M.5.17. -Comp. -कर a. making acutely accented. -घुष्टम् 1 clamour, great uproar. -2 loud proclamation. -घोष a. boisterous, crying, roaring; वयोधा उच्चैर्घोषाभ्येति या व्रतम् Av.9.1.8. (-षः) 1 loud noise. -2 a form of Rudra -द्विष् a. having strong or powerful enemies; निबोध यज्ञांशुभुजामिदानीमुच्चैर्द्विषामीप्सितमेतदेव Ku.3.14. -भुजतरु a. having trees like outstretched arms; Me.38. -वादः high praise; जामदग्न्यस्य दमन इति को$यमुच्चैर्वादः U.5. -शिरस् a. high-minded, one of high rank, magnanimous; क्षुद्रे$पि नूनं शरणं प्रपन्ने ममत्वमुच्चैःशिरसां सतीव Ku.1.12. -श्रवस्-स a. 1 long-eared. -2 deaf. (m.) 1 N. of the horse of Indra (said to be churned out of the ocean); उच्चैःश्रवसमश्वानाम् Bg.1.27; उच्चैरुच्चैःश्रवास्तेन् हयरत्नमहारि च Ku.2.47. -2 N. of a horse of the god sun. -स्वर a. high-sounding. (-रः) a loud sound or voice.
ucchri उच्छ्रि [उद्-श्रि] U. 1 To rise, be erected. (Ā.) -2 To arise, erect, lift up. -3 To praise, extol. -Caus. 1 To increase; विजयसहजमस्त्रैर्वीर्यमुच्छ्राययिष्यन् Mv.1.8. -2 To raise, erect; उर्ध्वमेनामुच्छ्रापय Vāj.23.26. उच्छ्र ucchra (च्छ्रा cchrā) यः yḥ उच्छ्र (च्छ्रा) यः [उद्-श्रि अच् घञ् वा] 1 Rising (of a planet &c.); शक्रपाते तथोच्छ्रये Y.1.147. -2 Raising, erecting. -3 Height, elevation (physical and moral); श्रृङ्गेच्छ्रायैः कुमुदविशदैर्यो वितत्य स्थितः खम् Me.6; K.15; Ki.7.27;8.23,17.61; Śi.4.1,8.22. -4 Growth, increase, intensity; गुण˚ Ki.8.21,16.1; नीतोच्छ्रायम् 5.31,14.21. -5 Pride. -6 The upright side of a triangle. -7 A kind of pillar (Junāgadh Rock Inscription of Rudradāman, Ep. Ind. Vol. III). -यी (उच्छ्रायी) Plank. -Comp. -उपेत a. possessing height, high, lofty, elevated.
ulapya उलप्य a. Belonging to this grass. -प्यः N. of Rudra.
uśānā उशाना Ved. 1 Wish, desire, -2 The plant from which Soma juice is produced. -3 N. of a wife of Rudra.
uṣā उषा [ओषत्यन्धकारम् उष्-क] 1 Early morning, dawn; उषामुषां श्रेयसीं धेह्यस्मै Av.12.2.45. -2 Morning light. -3 Twilight. -4 Saline earth. -5 A cow. -6 Night. -7 A boiler, cooking vessel (स्थाली); cf. उखा. -8 N. of a wife of Bhava (who was a manifestation of Rudra). -9 N. of a daughter of the demon Bāṇa and wife of Aniruddha. [She beheld Aniruddha in a dream and became passionately enamoured of him. She sought the assistance of her friend Chitralekhā, who advised her to have with her the portraits of all young princes living round about her. When this was done, she recognized Aniruddha and had him carried to her city, where she was married to him; see अनिरुद्ध also]. ind. Early in the morning. -2 At night. -Comp. -कलः a cock. -पतिः, -रमणः, -ईशः N. of Aniruddha, husband of Uṣā.
ūrvya ऊर्व्य a. Ved. Being in lakes, reservoirs &c. -र्व्यः N. of Rudra.
ekādaśa एकादश a. (-शी f.) 1 Eleventh. आत्मैकादशः Bṛi. Up. 3.9.4. -2 Consisting of eleven. -3 Lasting for eleven months. -शी 1 The eleventh day of every fortnight of a lunar month, sacred to Viṣṇu; (when fasting is enjoined and is considered to be productive of great religious merit). -2 Presentations of offerings to deceased ancestors or Pitṛis on the eleventh day after decease. -शम् The number eleven. -Comp. -अहः 1 a collection of 11 days. -2 a sacrifice lasting for eleven days. -उत्तमः N. of Śiva (the chief of the 11 Rudras). -द्वारम् the eleven holes of the body; पुरमेकादशद्वारम् Kaṭh. Up.5.1; see ख. -रुद्राः (pl.) the eleven Rudras; see रुद्र.
ailavaḥ ऐलवः Ved. Noise, cry; तौविलिके$वेलयावायमैलव ऐलयीत् Av.6.16.3. ˚कारः Rudra's dog; Av.11.2.3.
kāla काल a. (-ली f.) 1 Black, of a dark or dark-blue colour; Rām.5.17.9. Mb.8.49.48. -2 Injuring, hurting. -लः 1 The black or dark-blue colour. -2 Time (in general); विलम्बितफलैः कालं निनाय स मनोरथैः R.1.33; तस्मिन्काले at that time; काव्यशास्त्रविनोदेन कालो गच्छति धीमताम् H.1.1 the wise pass their time &c. -3 Fit or opportune time (to do a thing), proper time or occasion; (with gen., loc., dat., or inf.); R.3.12,4.6,12.69; पर्जन्यः कालवर्षी Mk.1.6; काले वर्षतु पर्जन्यः &c. -4 A period or portion of time (as the hours or watches of a day); षष्ठे काले दिवसस्य V.2.1. Ms.5.153. -5 The weather. -6 Time considered as one of the nine dravyas by the Vaiśeṣikas. -7 The Supreme Spirit regarded as the destroyer of the Universe, being a personification of the destructive principle; कालः काल्या भुवनफलके क्रीडति प्राणिशारैः Bh.3.39. -8 (a) Yama, the god of death; कः कालस्य न गोचरान्तरगतः Pt.1.146. (b) Death, time of death; स हि कालो$स्य दुर्मतेः Rām.7.64.1. -9 Fate, destiny. -1 The black part of the eye. -11 The (Indian) cuckoo. -12 The planet Saturn. -13 N. of Śiva; N. of Rudra; उग्ररेता भवः कालो वामदेवो धृतव्रतः Bhāg.3.12.12. -14 A measure of time (in music or prosody). -15 A person who distils and sells spirituous liquor. -16 A section, or part. -17 A red kind of plumbago. -18 Resin, pitch. -19 N. of an enemy of Śiva. -2 (with the Jainas) One of the nine treasures. -21 A mystical name for the letter म्. -22 N. of the one of four contentments mentioned in साङ्ख्यकारिका; प्रकृत्युपादानकालभागाख्याः Śāṅ. K.5. -ला 1 N. of several plants. -2 N. of a daughter of Dakṣa. -3 An epithet of Durgā. -ली 1 Blackness. -2 Ink, black ink. -3 An epithet of Pārvatī, Śiva's wife. -4 A row of black clouds. -5 A woman with a dark complexion. -6 N. of Satyavatī, mother of Vyāsa. जनयामास यं काली शक्तेः पुत्रात्पराशरात् Mb.1.6.2; Bu. ch.4.76. -7 Night. -8 Censure, blame. -9 One of the seven tongues of Fire : काली कराली च मनोजवा च सुलोहिता या च सुधूम्रवर्णा । स्फुलिङ्गिनी विश्वरुची च देवी लेलायमाना इति सप्तजिह्वाः ॥ Muṇḍ.1.2.4. -1 A form of Durgā कालि कालि महा- कालि सीधुमांसपशुंप्रिये Mb.4.6.17. कालीतनयः a buffalo. -11 One of the Mātṛis or divine mothers. -12 N. of a wife of Bhīma. -13 A sister of Yama. -14 A kind of learning (महाविद्या) -15 A small shrub used as a purgative. -16 A kind of insect. -लम् 1 Iron. क्षुरो भूत्वा हरेत्प्राणान्निशितः कालसाधनः Mb.1.14.89. -2 A kind of perfume. -Comp. -अयसम् iron. -अक्षरिकः a scholar, one who can read and decipher. -अगरु n. a kind of sandal tree, black kind of aloe; कालागुरुर्दहनमध्यगतः सम- न्ताल्लोकोत्तरं परिमलं प्रकटीकरोति Bv.1.7, R.4.81. (-n.) the wood of that tree. शिरांसि कालागुरुधूपितानि Ṛs.4.5;5.5. -अग्निः, -अनलः 1 the destructive fire at the end of the world. -2 an epithet of Rudra. -3. a kind of bead (रुद्राक्ष). -अङ्ग a. having a dark-blue body (as a sword with a dark-blue edge) Mb.4.8.1.; -अजिनम् the hide of a black antelope. -अञ्जनम् a sort of collyrium; न चक्षुषोः कान्तिविशेषबुद्ध्या कालाञ्जनं मङ्गलमित्युपात्तम् Ku.7.2,82. (-नी) a small shrub used as a purgative (Mar. काळी कापशी). -अण्डजः the (Indian) cuckoo. -अतिक्रमः, -क्रमणम् delay, being late; कालातिक्रमणं वृत्तेर्यो न कुर्वति भूपतिः Pt.1.154. -अतिपातः, -अतिरेकः loss of time, delay; Māl.2. -अतीत a. elapsed, passed by. -अत्ययः 1 delay, lapse of time. -2 loss by lapse of time. -अध्यक्षः 1 'presiding over time', epithet of the sun. -2 the Supreme Soul. -अनुनादिन् m. 1 a bee. -2 a sparrow. -3 the Chātaka bird. -अनुसारकः 1 Tagara tree. -2 yellow sandal. -अनुसारिः, -अनु- सारिन्, -अनुसारिवा, -अनुसार्यः, -र्यकः benzoin or benjamin. (-र्यम्) 1 a yellow fragrant wood (पीतचन्दन). -2 Sissoo wood. -अन्तकः time, regarded as the god of death, and the destroyer of every thing. -अन्तरम् 1 an interval. -2 a period of time. -3 another time or opportunity. ˚आवृत a. hidden or concealed in the womb of time. ˚क्षम a. able to bear delay; अकालक्षमा देव्याः शरीरावस्था K.263; Ś.4. ˚प्रेक्षिन् Pt.3.172. ˚विषः an animal venomous only when enraged, as a rat. -अभ्रः a dark, watery cloud. -अयनम् See कालचक्र Bhāg.5.22.11. -अवधिः appointed time. -अवबोधः knowledge of time and circumstances; Māl.3.11. -अशुद्धिः f. -अशौचम् period of mourning, ceremonial impurity caused by the birth of a child or death of a relation in the family; see अशौच. -अष्टकम् 1 first to eighth days of the dark half of the month आषाढ (festival period of कालभैरव) -2 a stotra of कालभैरव by Śhaṅkarāchārya. -आकृष्ट a. 1 led to death. -2 produced or brought by time. -आत्मक a. depending on time or destiny. -आत्मन् m. the Supreme Spirit. -आदिकः The month चैत्र. -आम्रः 1 a mango-kind; कालाम्ररसपीतास्ते नित्यं संस्थित- यौवनाः Mb.6.7.18. -2 N. of a Dvīpa; Hariv. -आयसम् iron. -a. made of iron; ततः कालायसं शूलं कण्टकैर्बहुभिश्च तम् Rām.7.8.15. -उप्त a. sown in due season. -कञ्जम् a blue lotus. -कटम्, -कटः an epithet of Śiva; Mb.13. -कण्ठः 1 a peacock. -2 a sparrow. -3 a wagtail. -4 a gallinule. -5 an epithet of Śiva; कालिन्दीकालकण्ठः कलयतु कुशलं को$पि कापालिको नः Udb.; U.6. -कण्ठी Pārvatī, the wife of कालकण्ठ i. e. शिव. नृत्यन्तीमिव रजनी नटीं प्रतीमो गानश्री- र्विलसति नाथ कालकण्ठी Rām Ch.7.23. -कण्टक, -कण्ठकः a gallinule. -कण़्डकः a water-snake. -करणम् appointing or fixing time. -कर्णिका, -कर्णी misfortune. -कर्मन् n. 1 death. -2 destruction; त्रैलोक्यं तु करिष्यामि संयुक्तं काल- कर्मणा Rām.3.64.62. -कलायः dark pulse. -कल्प a fatal, deadly. -कल्लकः A water-snake. -कालः Supreme Being. -कीलः noise. -कुण्ठः Yama. -कुष्ठः a myrrh. -कूटः, -टम् (a) a deadly poison; अहो बकी यं स्तनकाल- कूटं अपाययत् Bhāg.3.2.23; Ś.6. (b) the poison churned out of the ocean and drunk by Śiva; अद्यापि नोज्झति हरः किल कालकूटम् Ch. P.5. कालकूटस्य जननीं तां स्तुवे वामलोचनाम् Vb. -कूटकः a poison; Mb.1. -कृत् m. 1 the sun. -2 a peacock. -3 Supreme Spirit. -कृत 1 produced by time. -2 fixed, appointed. -3 lent or deposited, -4 done for a long time. (-तः) the sun. -क्रमः lapse of time, course of time; कालक्रमेण in course or process of time; Ku.1.19. -क्रिया 1 fixing a time. -2 death. -क्षेपः 1 delay, loss of time; कालक्षेप ककुभसुरभौ पर्वते पर्वते ते (उत्पश्यामि) Me.22; मरणे कालक्षेपं मा कुरु Pt.1. -2 passing the time. -खञ्जम्, -खञ्जनम् -खण्डम् the liver; स्वादुकारं कालखण्डोपदंशम् Śi.18.77. -गङ्गा the river Yamunā. -ग्रन्थिः a year. -घातिन् a. killing by degrees or slowly (as a poison). -चक्रम् 1 the wheel of time (time being represented as a wheel always moving). -2 a cycle. -3 (hence fig.) the wheel of fortune, the vicissitudes of life. (-क्रः) an epithet of the sun. -चिह्नम् a symptom of approaching death. -चोदित a. summoned by the angel of death. -जोषकः One who is satisfied with sparse food at the proper time. -ज्येष्ठः a. senior in years, grown up; U.5.12. -ज्ञ a. knowing the proper time or occasion (of any action); अत्यारूढो हि नारीणामकालज्ञो मनोभवः R.12.33; Śi.2.83. (-ज्ञः) 1 an astrologer. -2 a cock. -ज्ञानिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -तिन्दुकः a kind of ebony. -त्रयम् the three times; the past, the present, and the future; ˚दर्शी K.46. -दण्डः death; श्रेयस्त्रैविक्रमस्ते वितरतु विबुधद्वेषिणां कालदण्डः Dk. -दमनी an epithet of Durgā. -दष्ट a. doomed to death; कालदष्टं नृपं ज्ञात्वा Bm.1.18. -धर्मः, -धर्मन् m. 1 the line of conduct suitable to any particular time. -2 the law or rule of time. -3 effects proper to the time. -4 fated time, death; कालधर्मं गते सगरे Rām.1.42.1. न पुनर्जीवितः कश्चित्कालधर्ममुपागतः Mb.; परीताः काल- धर्मणा &c. -धारणा prolongation of time. -नरः (in astrology) the figure of a man's body. -नाथः; -निधिः Śiva. -नियोगः decree of fate or destiny; लङ्घ्यते न खलु काल- नियोगः Ki.9.13. -निरूपणम् determination of time, chronology. -निर्यासः Bdellium (Mar. गुग्गुळ). -नेमिः 1 the rim of the wheel of time. -2 N. of a demon, uncle of Rāvaṇa, deputed by him to kill Hanūmat. -3 N. of a demon with 1 hands killed by Viṣṇu. ˚अरिः, रिपुः, हरः, हन् m. epithets of Kṛiṣṇa. -पक्व a. ripened by time; i. e. spontaneously; Ms.6.17,21; Y.3.49. -परिवासः standing for a time so as to become stale. -पर्णः the flower plant (Mar. नगर). -पर्ययः a delay (कालातिक्रम); वक्तुमर्हसि सुग्रीवं व्यतीतं कालपर्यये Rām.4.31.8. -पर्यायः the revolution or course of time; मन्ये लोकविनाशो$यं कालपर्यायनोदितः Mb.11.15.41. -पाशः the noose of Yama or death. -पाशिकः a hangman. -पु (पू) रुषः an attendant of Yama. -पृष्ठम् 1 a species of antelope. -2 a heron. (-कम्) 1 N. of the bow of Karṇa; Ve.4. -2 a bow in general. -प्रभातम् autumn or Śarad; (the two months following the rainy season considered as the best time). -बन्धन a. being under control of death (काल); प्रत्यक्षं मन्यसे कालं मर्त्यः सन् कालबन्धनः Mb.3.35.2. -भक्षः an epithet of Śiva. -भृत् m. the sun. -भैरवः an epithet of Śiva. -मल्लिका, -मान (लः) the plant ocimum (Mar. तुळस). -मालम् a measure of time. -मुखः a species of ape; Mb.3.292.12. -मेषी, -मेशिका, -मेषिका f. the Manjiṣṭha plant. -यवनः a kind of yavanas and enemy of Kṛiṣṇa and an invincible foe of the Yādavas. Kṛiṣṇa, finding it impossible to vanquish him on the field of battle, cunningly decoyed him to the cave where Muchakunda was sleeping who burnt him down. -यापः, -यापनम् procrastination, delay, putting off. -योगः fate, destiny. -योगतः according to the requirements of the time; Pt.1.184. -योगिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -रात्रिः, -रात्री f. 1 a dark night. -2 a sister of Yama. -3 the Amāvasyā on which lamps are lighted (in the Divali holidays). -4 the night of destruction at the end of the world (identified with Durgā); कालरात्रीति तां (सीतां) विद्धि सर्वलङ्का- विनाशिनीम् Rām.5.51.34. -5 a particular night in the life of man, on the 7th day of the 7th month of the 77th year. -रुद्रः Rudra regarded as the fire that is to destroy the world. -लवणम् the बिड salt. (Mar. संचळखार) -लोहक्, -लौहम् steel. -वलनम् the armour. -विप्रकर्षः prolongation of time. विषयबाहुल्यं कालविप्रकर्षश्च स्मृतिं प्रमुष्णाति Mv.5.9. -विभक्तिः f. a section or part of time; Ms.1.24. -वृद्धिः f. periodical interest (payable monthly, quarterly, or at stated times); Ms.8.153. -वृन्तः a kind of pulse (कुलत्थ). -वेला the time of Saturn, i. e. a particular time of the day (half a watch every day) at which any religious act is improper. -संकर्षा a girl nine years old personating Durgā at a festival. -संकर्षिन् a. shortening time (as a mantra); कालसंकर्षिणीं विद्यां दीक्षापूर्वमुपादिशत् Ks.68.65. -संगः a. delay; जानामि कार्यस्य च कालसंगम् Rām.4.33.53. -संरोधः 1 keeping back for a long time; Ms.8.143. -2 lapse of a long period of time; Ms.8.143. -सदृश a. opportune, timely. -समन्वित, -समायुक्त a. dead; Rām.2.65.16. -संपन्न a. dated, bearing a date. -सर्पः the black and most poisonous variety of the snake; Gīt.1.12. -सारः the black antelope. (-रम्) a yellow sort of sandal wood. a. having a black centre or pupil; न कालसारं हरिणं तदक्षिद्वयं प्रभुर्बुद्धुमभून्मनोभूः N.6.19. -सूत्रम्, -सूत्रकम् 1 thread of time or death. -2 N. of a particular hell; Y.3.222; Ms.4.88. -स्कन्दः the Tamāla tree. -स्वरूप a. terrible as death, (deathlike in form). -हरः an epithet of Śiva. -हरणम् loss of time, delay; Ś.3; U.5; यात्वन्येन (वरेण) विहाय कालहरणं रामो वनं दण्डकाम् Mv.4.41. -हानिः f. delay; मामक्षमं मण्डनकालहानेर्वेत्तीव बिम्बाधरबद्धतृष्णम् R.13.16.
kube कुबे (वे) रः [कुत्सितं बे (वे) रं शरीरं यस्य सः] 1 The god of riches and treasure and the regent of the northern quarter; कुबेरगुप्तां दिशमुष्णरश्मौ गन्तुं प्रवृत्ते समयं विलङ्घ्य Ku.3.25 (vide Malli. thereon). [Kubera is the son of Viśravas by Iḍāviḍā, and thus the half brother of Rāvaṇa. Besides, being the lord of riches and regent of the north, he is the king of the Yakṣas and Kinnaras, and a friend of Rudra. His abode is Kailāsa. He is represented as being deformed in body-having three legs, only eight teeth, and a yellow mark in place of one eye.] -2 N. of a tree. -Comp. -अक्षी N. of a plant (Mar. सागरगोटी). -अद्रिः, -अचलः an epithet of mountain Kailāsa. -दिश् f. the north. -बान्धवः N. of Śiva.
tri त्रि num. a. [Uṇ.5.66] (declined in pl. only, nom. त्रयः m., तिस्त्रः f., त्रीणि n.) Three; त एव हि त्रयो लोकास्त एव त्रय आश्रमाः &c. Ms.2.229; प्रियतमाभिरसौ तिसृभिर्बभौ R.9.18; त्रीणि वर्षाण्युदीक्षेत कुमार्यृतुमती सती Ms.9.9 [cf. L. tres; Gr. treis; A. S., Zend thri; Eng. three]. -Comp. -अंशः 1 a three-fold share; त्र्यंशं दायाद्धरेद्विप्रः Ms.9.151. -2 a third part. -3 three-fourths. -अक्ष a. triocular. -अक्षः, -अक्षकः an epithet of Śiva; शुष्कस्नायु- स्वराह्लादात्त्र्यक्षं जग्राह रावणः Pt.5.57. -अक्षरः 1 the mystic syllable ओम् consisting of three letters; see under अ. आद्यं यत्त्र्यक्षरं ब्रह्म Ms.11.265. -2 a matchmaker or घटक (that word consisting of three syllables). -3 a genealogist. (-री) knowledge, learning; see विद्या. -अङ्कटम्, -अङ्गटम् 1 three strings suspended to either end of a pole for carrying burdens. -2 a sort of collyrium. (-टः) N. of Śiva. -अङ्गम् (pl.) a tripartite army (chariots, cavalry and infantry). -अङ्गुलम् three fingers' breadth. -अञ्जनम् the three kinds of collyrium; i. e. कालाञ्जन, रसाञ्जन and पुष्पाञ्जन. -अञ्जलम्, -लिः three handfuls taken collectively. -अधिपतिः (the lord of the 3 guṇas or worlds), an epithet of Viṣṇu; Bhāg.3.16.24. -अधिष्ठानः the soul. (नम्) spirit, life (चैतन्य). -a. having three stations; Ms.12.4. -अध्वगा, -मार्गगा, -वर्त्मगा epithets of the river Ganges (flowing through the three worlds). -अनीक a. having the three properties of heat, rain and cold; त्यनीकः पत्यते माहिनावान् Rv.3.56.3. (-का) an army consisting of horses, elephants and chariots. -अब्द a. three years old. -ब्दम् three years taken collectively. -अम्बकः (also त्रियम्बक in the same sense though rarely used in classical literature) 'having three eyes', N. of Śiva.; त्रियम्बकं संयमिनं ददर्श Ku.3.44; जडीकृतस्त्र्यम्बकवीक्षणेन R.2. 42;3.49. ˚सखः an epithet of Kubera; कुबेरस्त्र्यम्बकसखः Ak. -अम्बका an epithet of Pārvatī -अशीत a. eighty-third. -अशीतिः f. eighty-three. -अष्टन् a. twenty-four. -अश्र, -अस्र a. triangular. (-स्रम्) a triangle. -अहः 1 a period of three days. -2 a festival lasting three days. -आर्षेयाः deaf, dumb and blind persons. -आहिक a. 1 performed or produced in three days. -2 recurring after the third day, tertian (as fever). -3 having provision for three days कुशूलकुम्भीधान्यो वा त्र्याहिको$श्वस्तनो$पि वा Y.1.128. -ऋचम् (तृचम् also) three Riks taken collectively; Ms.8.16. -ऐहिक a. having provision for three days. -ककुद् m. 1 N. of the mountain Trikūṭa. -2 N. of Viṣnu or Kṛiṣṇa. -3 the highest, chief. -4 a sacrifice lasting for ten nights. -ककुभ् m. Ved. 1 Indra. -2 Indra's thunderbolt. -कटु dry ginger, black pepper and long pepper taken together as a drug; शिरामोक्षं विधायास्य दद्यात् त्रिकटुकं गुडम् Śālihotra 62. -कण्टः, -कण्टकः a kind of fish. -करणी the side of a square 3 times as great as another. -कर्मन् n. the chief three duties of a Brāhmaṇa i. e. sacrifice, study of the Vedas, and making gifts or charity. (-m.) one who engages in these three duties (as a Brāhmaṇa). -काण्डम् N. of Amarsiṁha's dictionary. -कायः N. of Buddha. -कालम् 1 the three times; the past, the present, and the future; or morning, noon and evening. -2 the three tenses (the past, present, and future) of a verb. (-लम् ind. three times, thrice; ˚ज्ञ, ˚दर्शिन् a. omniscient (m.) 1 a divine sage, seer. -2 a deity. -3 N. of Buddha. ˚विद् m. 1 a Buddha. -2 an Arhat (with the Jainas). -कूटः N. of a mountain in Ceylon on the top of which was situated Laṅkā, the capital of Rāvaṇa.; Śi.2.5. -कूटम् sea-salt. कूर्चकम् a knife with three edges. -कोण a. triangular, forming a triangle. (-णः) 1 a triangle. -2 the vulva. -खम् 1 tin. -2 a cucumber. -खट्वम्, -खट्वी three bedsteads taken collectively. -क्षाराणि n. (pl.) salt-petre, natron and borax. -गणः an aggregate of the three objects of worldly existence; i. e. धर्म, अर्थ and काम; न बाधते$स्य त्रिगणः परस्परम् Ki.1.11; see त्रिवर्ग below. -गत a. 1 tripled. -2 done in three days. -गर्ताः (pl.) 1 N. of a country, also called जलन्धर, in the northwest of India. -2 the people or rulers of that country. -3 a particular mode of calculation. -गर्ता 1 a lascivious woman, wanton. -2 a woman in general. -3 a pearl. -4 a kind of cricket. -गुण a. 1 consisting of three threads; व्रताय मौञ्जीं त्रिगुणां बभार याम् Ku.5.1. -2 three-times repeated, thrice, treble, threefold, triple; सप्त व्यतीयुस्त्रिगुणानि तस्य (दिनानि) R.2. 25. -3 containing the three Guṇas सत्त्व, रजस् and तमस्. (-णम्) the Pradhāna (in Sāṅ. phil.); (-ind.) three times; in three ways. -णाः m. (pl.) the three qualities or constituents of nature; त्रयीमयाय त्रिगुणात्मने नमः K.1. (-णा) 1 Māyā or illusion (in Vedānta phil.). -2 an epithet of Durgā. -गुणाकृतम् ploughed thrice. -चक्षुस् m. an epithet of Śiva. -चतुर a. (pl.) three or four; गत्वा जवात्त्रिचतुराणि पदानि सीता B.R.6.34. -चत्वा- रिंश a. forty-third. -चत्वारिंशत् f, forty-three. -जगत् n. -जगती the three worlds, (1) the heaven, the atmosphere and the earth; or (2) the heaven, the earth, and the lower world; त्वत्कीर्तिः ...... त्रिजगति विहरत्येवमुर्वीश गुर्वी Sūkti.5.59. -जटः an epithet of Śiva. -जटा N. of a female demon, one of the Rākṣasa attendants kept by Rāvaṇa to watch over Sītā, when she was retained as a captive in the Aśoka-vanikā. She acted very kindly towards Sītā and induced her companions to do the same; सीतां मायेति शंसन्ति त्रिजटा समजीवयत् R.12.74. -जातम्, जातकम् The three spices (mace, cardamoms, cinnamon). -जीवा, -ज्या the sine of three signs or 9˚, a radius. -णता a bow; कामुकानिव नालीकांस्त्रिणताः सहसामुचन् Śi.19.61. -णव, -णवन् a. (pl.) three times nine; i. e. 27. -णाकः the heaven; तावत्त्रिणाकं नहुषः शशास Bhāg.6.13.16. -णाचिकेतः 1 a part of the Adhvaryu-sacrifice or Yajurveda, or one who performs a vow connected therewith (according to Kull. on Ms.3.185); Mb.13.9.26. -2 one who has thrice kindled the Nāchiketa fire or studied the Nāchiketa section of Kāṭhaka; त्रिणाचिकेत- स्त्रिभिरेत्य सन्धिम् Kaṭh.1.17. -णीता a wife ('thrice married'; it being supposed that a girl belongs to Soma, Gandharva and Agni before she obtains a human husband). -णेमि a. with three fellies; विचिन्वतो$भूत् सुमहांस्त्रिणेमिः Bhāg.3.8.2. -तक्षम्, तक्षी three carpenters taken collectively. -दण्डम् 1 the three staves of a Saṁnyāsin (who has resigned the world) tied togethar so as to form one. -2 the triple subjection of thought, word, and deed. (-ण्डः) the state of a religious ascetic; ज्ञानवैराग्यरहितस्त्रिदण्डमुपजीवति Bhāg.11.18.4. -दण्डिन् m. 1 a religious mendicant or Saṁnyāsin who has renounced all worldly attachments, and who carries three long staves tied together so as to form one in his right hand; तल्लिप्सुः स यतिर्भूत्वा त्रिदण्डी द्वारका- मगात् Bhāg.1.86.3. -2 one who has obtained command over his mind, speech, and body (or thought, word, and deed); cf. वाग्दण्डो$थ मनोदण्डः कायदण्डस्तथैव च । यस्यैते निहिता बुद्धौ त्रिदण्डीति स उच्यते ॥ Ms.12.1. -दशाः (pl.) 1 thirty. -2 the thirty-three gods:-- 12 Ādityas, 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras and 2 Aśvins. (-शः) a god, an immortal; तस्मिन्मघोनस्त्रिदशान्विहाय सहस्रमक्ष्णां युगपत्पपात Ku.3.1. ˚अङ्कुशः (-शम्) the heaven. ˚आयुधम् Indra's thunderbolt; R.9.54. ˚आयुधम् rainbow; अथ नभस्य इव त्रिदशायुधम् R.9.54. ˚अधिपः, ˚ईश्वरः, ˚पतिः epithets of Indra. ˚अधिपतिः N. of Śiva. ˚अध्यक्षः, ˚अयनः an epithet of Viṣṇu. ˚अरिः a demon. ˚आचार्यः an epithet of Bṛihaspati. ˚आधार Nectar. ˚आलयः, ˚आवासः 1 heaven. -2 the mountain Meru. -3 a god. ˚आहारः 'the food of the gods', nectar. ˚इन्द्रः 1 Indra. -2 Śiva. -3 Brahman. ˚गुरुः an epithet of Bṛihaspati, ˚गोपः a kind of insect; (cf. इन्द्रगोप) श्रद्दधे त्रिदशगोपमात्रके दाहशक्तिमिव कृष्णवर्त्मनि R.11.42. ˚दीर्घिका an epithet of the Ganges. ˚पतिः Indra; एषो$प्यैरावतस्थस्त्रिदशपतिः Ratn.4.11. ˚पुङ्गवः Viṣṇu; Rām.1. ˚मञ्जरी the holy basil. ˚वधू, ˚वनिता, an Apsaras or heavenly damsel; कैलासस्य त्रिदशवनितादर्पणस्यातिथिः स्याः Me.6. ˚वर्त्मन् the sky. ˚श्रेष्ठः 1 Agni. -2 Brahman. ˚दशीभूत Become divine; त्रिदशीभूतपौराणां स्वर्गान्तरमकल्पयत् R.15.12. -दिनम् three days collectively. ˚स्पृश् m. concurrence of three lunations with one solar day. -दिवम् 1 the heaven; त्रिमार्गयेव त्रिदिवस्य मार्गः Ku.1.28; Ś.7.3. -2 sky, atmosphere. -3 paradise. -4 happiness. (-वा) cardamoms. ˚अधीशः, ˚ईशः 1 an epithet of Indra. -2 a god. ˚आलयः the heaven; अश्वमेधजिताँल्लोका- नाप्नोति त्रिदिवालये Mb.13.141.53. ˚उद्भवा 1 the Ganges. -2 small cardamoms. ˚ओकस् m. a god; वपुषि त्रिदिवौकसां परं सह पुष्पैरपतत्र्छिलीमुखाः Vikr.15.72. ˚गत dead; त्रिदिवगतः किमु वक्ष्यते पिता मे Vikr.6.62. -दृश् m. an epithet of Śiva. -दोषम् vitiation or derangement of the three humours of the body, i. e. वात, पित्त and कफ. -धा ind. in 3 parts, ways or places; triply, ˚त्वम् tripartition; Ch. Up. -धातुः an epithet of Gaṇeśa; -तुम् 1 the triple world. -2 the aggregate of the 3 minerals or humours. -धामन् m. 1 N. of Viṣṇu. -2 of Vyāsa; -3 of Śiva. -4 of Agni. -5 death. -n. the heaven; हंसो हंसेन यानेन त्रिधाम परमं ययौ Bhāg.3.24.2. -धारा the Ganges. -नयन, -नेत्रः, -लोचनः epithets of Śiva; R.3. 66; Ku.3.66;5.72. -नवत a. ninety-third. -नवतिः f. ninety three. -नयना Pārvat&imacr. -नाभः Viṣṇu; Bhāg.8. 17.26. -नेत्रचूडामणिः the moon. -नेत्रफलः the cocoa-nut tree. -पञ्च a. three-fold five, i. e. fifteen. -पञ्चाश a. fiftythird. -पञ्चाशत् f. fifty-three. -पुटः glass (काच). -पताकः 1 the hand with three fingers stretched out or erect. -2 the forehead marked naturally with three horizontal lines. -पत्रकः the Palāśa tree. -पथम् 1 the three paths taken collectively, i. e. the sky, atmosphere, and the earth, or the sky, earth and the lower world. -2 a place where three roads meet. (-था) an epithet of Mathura. ˚गा, ˚गामिनी an epithet of the Ganges; गङ्गा त्रिपथगामिनी; धृतसत्पथस्त्रिपथगामभितः स तमारुरोह पुरुहूतसुतः Ki.6.1; Amaru.99. -पद्, -पाद्, -पात् m. Ved. 1 Viṣṇu. -2 fever (personified). -पद a. three-footed. (-दम्) a tripod; त्रिपदैः करकैः स्थालैः ...... Śiva. B.22. 62. -पदिका 1 a tripod. -2 a stand with three feet. -पदी 1 the girth of an elephant; नास्रसत्करिणां ग्रैवं त्रिपदी- च्छेदिनामपि R.4.48. -2 the Gāyatrī metre. -3 a tripod. -4 the plant गोधापदी. -परिक्रान्त a. one who walks thrice round a sacred fire. -पर्णः Kiṁśuka tree. -पाटः 1 intersection of a prolonged side and perpendicular (in a quadrangular figure). -2 the figure formed by such intersection. -पाटिका a beak. पाठिन् a. 1 familiar with Saṁhitā, Pada, and Krama. -2 one who learns a thing after three repetitions. -पादः 1 the Supreme Being. -2 fever. -पाद् a. 1 having three feet. -2 consisting of three parts, having three fourths; राघवः शिथिलं तस्थौ भुवि धर्मस्त्रिपादिव R.15.96. -3 trinomial. (-m.) 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu in his dwarf incarnation. -2 the Supreme Being. -पिटकम् the 3 collections of Buddhistic sacred writings (सुत्त, विनय and अभिधम्म). -पुट a. triangular. (-टः) 1 an arrow. -2 the palm of the hand. -3 a cubit. -4 a bank or shore. -पुटकः a triangle. -पुटा an epithet of Durgā. -पुटिन् m. the castor-oil plant. -पुण्ड्रम्, -पुण्ड्रक a mark on the forehead consisting of three lines made with cowdung ashes. -पुरम् 1 a collection of three cities. -2 the three cities of gold, silver, and iron in the sky, air and earth built for demons by Maya; (these cities were burnt down, along the demons inhabiting them, by Śiva at the request of the gods); Ku.7.48; Amaru.2; संरक्ताभिस्त्रिपुरविजयो गीयते किन्नरीभिः Me.56; Bh.3.123; (-रः) N. of a demon or demons presiding over these cities. ˚अधिपतिः N. of Maya, ˚अन्तकः, ˚अरिः, ˚घ्नः, ˚दहनः, ˚द्विष् m., हरः &c. epithets of Śiva; अये गौरीनाथ त्रिपुरहर शम्भो त्रिनयन Bh.3.123; R.17.14. ˚दाहः burning of the three cities; मुहुरनुस्मरयन्तमनुक्षपं त्रिपुरदाहमुमापतिसेविनः Ki.5.14. ˚सुन्दरी Durgā. (-री) 1 N. of a place near Jabalpura, formerly capital of the kings of Chedi. -2 N. of a country. -पुरुष a 1 having the length of three men. -2 having three assistants. (-षम्) the three ancestorsfather, grand-father and great-grand-father. -पृष्ठम् the highest heaven; Bhāg.1.19.23. (ष्ठः) Viṣṇu. -पौरुष a. 1 belonging to, or extending over, three generations of men. 2 offered to three (as oblations). -3 inherited from three (as an estate). -प्रस्रुतः an elephant in rut. -फला (1) the three myrobalans taken collectively, namely, Terminalia Chebula, T. Bellerica, and Phyllanthus (Mar. हिरडा, बेहडा and आंवळकाठी). Also (2) the three sweet fruits (grape, pomegranate, and date); (3) the three fragrant fruits (nutmeg, arecanut, and cloves). -बन्धनः the individual soul. -बलिः, बली, -वलिः, -वली f. 1 the three folds or wrinkles of skin above the navel of a woman (regarded as a mark of beauty); क्षामोदरोपरिलसत्त्रिवलीलतानाम् Bh.1.93,81; cf. Ku.1.39. -2 the anus. -बलीकम् the anus. -बाहुः a kind of fighting with swords. -ब्रह्मन् a. with ब्रह्मा, विष्णु and महेश. -भम् three signs of the zodiac, or ninety degrees. -भङ्गम् a pose in which the image is bent at three parts of the body. -भद्रम् copulation, sexual union, cohabitation. -भागः 1 the third part; त्रिभागं ब्रह्महत्यायाः कन्या प्राप्नोति दुष्यती Mb.12.165.42. -2 the third part of a sign of the zodiac. -भुक्ल a. one possessed of learning, good conduct and good family-descent (Dānasāgara, Bibliotheca Indica,274, Fasc.1, p.29). -भुजम् a triangle. -भुवनम् the three worlds; पुण्यं यायास्त्रिभुवन- गुरोर्धाम चण्डीश्वरस्य Me.35; Bh.1.99. ˚गुरु Śiva. ˚कीर्तिरसः a patent medicine in Āyurveda. ˚पतिः Viṣṇu. -भूमः a palace with three floors. -मद the three narcotic plants; the three-fold haughtiness; Bhāg.3.1.43. -मधु n. -मधुरम् 1 sugar, honey, and ghee. -2 three verses of the Ṛigveda (1.9.6-8; मधु वाता ऋतायते˚). -3 a ceremony based on the same; L. D. B. -4 threefold utterance of a vedic stanza ˚मधु वाता -m. a reciter and performer of the above ceremony; L. D. B. -मार्गा the Ganges; त्रिमार्गयेव त्रिदिवस्य मार्गः Ku.1.28. -मुकुटः the Trikūṭa mountain. -मुखः an epithet of Buddha. -मुनि ind. having the three sages पाणिनि, कात्यायन and पतञ्जलि; त्रिमुनि व्याकरणम्. -मूर्तिः 1 the united form of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Maheśa, the Hindu triad; नमस्त्रिमूर्तये तुभ्यं प्रांक्सृष्टेः केवलात्मने । गुणत्रयविभायाय पश्चाद्भेदमुपेयुषे ॥ Ku.2.4. -2 Buddha, or Jina. -मूर्धन् m. 1 a demon; त्रयश्च दूषण- खरस्त्रिमूर्धानो रणे हताः U.2.15. -2 a world called महर्लोक; G&imac;rvāṇa; cf. अमृतं क्षेममभयं त्रिमूर्ध्नो$धायि मूर्धसु Bhāg.2.6.19. -यव a. weighing 3 barley corns; Ms.8.134. -यष्टिः a necklace of three strings. -यामकम् sin. -यामा 1 night (consisting of 3 watches of praharas, the first and last half prahara being excluded); संक्षिप्येत क्षण इव कथं दीर्घयामा त्रियामा Me.11, Ku.7.21,26; R.9.7; V.3. 22. -2 turmeric. -3 the Indigo plant. -4 the river Yamuṇā. -युगः an epithet of Viṣṇu; धर्मं महापुरुष पासि युगानुवृत्तं छन्नः कलौ यदभवस्त्रियुगो$थ सत्त्वम् Bhāg.7.9.38; the god in the form of यज्ञपुरुष; Bhāg.5.18.35. -योनिः a law-suit (in which a person engages from anger, covetousness, or infatuation). -रसकम् spirituous liquor; see त्रिसरकम्. -रात्र a. lasting for three nights. (-त्रः) a festival lasting for three nights. (-त्रम्) a period of three nights. -रेखः a conch-shell. -लिङ्ग a. having three genders, i. e. an adjective. -2 possessing the three Guṇas. (-गाः) the country called Telaṅga. (-गी) the three genders taken collectively. -लोकम् the three worlds. (-कः) an inhabitant of the three worlds; यद्धर्मसूनोर्बत राजसूये निरीक्ष्य दृक्स्वस्त्ययनं त्रिलोकः Bhāg.3. 2.13. ˚आत्मन् m. the Supreme Being. ˚ईशः the sun. ˚नाथः 'lord of the three worlds', an epithet of 1 Indra; त्रिलोकनाथेन सदा मखद्विषस्त्वया नियम्या ननु दिव्यचक्षुषा R.3.45. -2 of Śiva; Ku.5.77. ˚रक्षिन् a. protecting the 3 worlds; त्रिलोकरक्षी महिमा हि वज्रिणः V.1.6. -लोकी the three worlds taken collectively, the universe; सत्यामेव त्रिलोकीसरिति हरशिरश्चुम्बिनीविच्छटायाम् Bh.3.95; Śānti.4.22. -लोचनः Śiva. (-ना) 1 an unchaste woman. -2 an epithet of Durgā. -लोहकम् the three metals:-- gold, silver, and copper. -वर्गः 1 the three objects of wordly existence, i. e. धर्म, अर्थ, and काम; अनेन धर्मः सविशेषमद्य मे त्रिवर्गसारः प्रतिभाति भाविनि Ku.5.38; अन्योन्यानुबन्धम् (त्रिवर्गम्) Kau. A.1.7; प्राप त्रिवर्गं बुबुधे$त्रिवर्गम् (मोक्षम्) Bu. Ch.2.41. -2 the three states of loss, stability, and increase; क्षयः स्थानं च वृद्धिश्च त्रिवर्गो नीतिवेदिनाम् Ak. -3 the three qualities of nature, i. e. सत्त्व, रजस्, and तमस्. -4 the three higher castes. -5 the three myrobalans. -6 propriety, decorum. -वर्णकम् the first three of the four castes of Hindus taken collectively. -वर्ष a. three years old; Ms.5.7. -वलिः, -ली f. (in comp.) three folds over a woman's navel (regarded as a mark of beauty) -वली the anus. -वारम् ind. three times, thrice. -विक्रमः Viṣṇu in his fifth or dwarf incarnation. ˚रसः a patent medicine in Āyurveda. -विद्यः a Brāhmaṇa versed in the three Vedas. -विध a. of three kinds, three-fold. -विष्टपम्, -पिष्टपम् 1 the world of Indra, heaven; त्रिविष्टपस्येव पतिं जयन्तः R.6.78. -2 the three worlds. ˚सद् m. a god. -वृत् a. 1 threefold; मौञ्जी त्रिवृत्समा श्लक्ष्णा कार्या विप्रस्य मेखला Ms.2.42. -2 consisting of three parts (as three गुणs, विद्याs); Bhāg.3.24.33;1.23.39; (consisting of three letters- ओङ्कार); हिरण्यगर्भो वेदानां मन्त्राणां प्रणवस्त्रिवृत् Bhāg.11.16.12. (-m.) 1 a sacrifice. -2 a girdle of three strings; Mb.12.47.44. -3 an amulet of three strings. (-f.) a plant possessing valuable purgative properties. ˚करण combining three things, i. e. earth, water, and fire. -वृत्तिः livelihood through 3 things (sacrifice, study and alms). -वेणिः, -णी f. the place near Prayāga where the Ganges joins the Yamunā and receives under ground the Sarasvatī; the place called दक्षिणप्रयाग where the three sacred rivers separate. -वेणुः 1 The staff (त्रिदण्ड) of a Saṁnyāsin; केचित् त्रिवेणुं जगृहुरेके पात्रं कमण्डलुम् Bhāg.11.23.34. -2 The pole of a chariot; अथ त्रिवेणुसंपन्नं ...... बभञ्ज च महारथम् Rām.3. 51.16; Mb.7.156.83; a three bannered (chariot); Bhāg.4.26.1. -वेदः a Brāhmaṇa versed in the three Vedas. -शक्तिः a deity (त्रिकला), Māyā; Bhāg.2.6.31. -शङ्कुः 1 N. of a celebrated king of the Solar race, king of Ayodhyā and father of Hariśchandra. [He was a wise, pious, and just king, but his chief fault was that he loved his person to an inordinate degree. Desiring to celebrate a sacrifice by virtue of which he could go up to heaven in his mortal body, he requested his family-priest Vasiṣṭha to officiate for him; but being refused he next requested his hundred sons who also rejected his absurd proposal. He, therefore, called them cowardly and impotent, and was, in return for these insults, cursed and degraded by them to be a Chāṇḍāla. While he was in this wretched condition, Viśvāmitra, whose family Triśaṅku had in times of famine laid under deep obligations, undertook to celebrate the sacrifice, and invited all the gods to be present. They, however, declined; whereupon the enraged Viśvāmitra. by his own power lifted up Triśaṅku to the skies with his cherished mortal body. He began to soar higher and higher till his head struck against the vault of the heaven, when he was hurled down head-foremost by Indra and the other gods. The mighty Viśvāmitra, however, arrested him in his downward course, saying 'Stay Triśaṅku', and the unfortunate monarch remained suspended with his head towards the earth as a constellation in the southern hemisphere. Hence the wellknown proverb:-- त्रिशङ्कुरिवान्तरा तिष्ठ Ś.2.] -2 the Chātaka bird. -3 a cat. -4 a grass-hopper. -5 a firefly. ˚जः an epithet of Hariśchandra. ˚याजिन् m. an epithet of Viśvāmitra. -शत a. three hundred. (-तम्) 1 one hundred and three. -2 three hundred. -शरणः a Buddha. -शर्करा three kinds of sugar (गुडोत्पन्ना, हिमोत्था, and मधुरा). -शाख a. three-wrinkled; भ्रुकुट्या भीषणमुखः प्रकृत्यैव त्रिशाखया Ks.12.72. -शालम् a house with three halls or chambers. -शिखम् 1 a trident; तदापतद्वै त्रिशिखं गरुत्मते Bhāg.1.59.9. -2 a crown or crest (with three points). -शिरस् m. 1 N. of a demon killed by Rāma. -2 an epithet of Kubera. -3 fever. त्रिशिरस्ते प्रसन्नो$स्मि व्येतु ते मज्ज्वराद्भयम् Bhāg.1.63.29. -शीर्षः Śiva. -शीर्षकम्, -शूलम् a trident. ˚अङ्कः, ˚धारिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -शुक्लम् the holy combination of 'three days' viz. Uttarāyaṇa (day of the gods), the bright half of the moon (day of the manes) and daytime; त्रिशुक्ले मरणं यस्य, L. D. B. -शूलिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -शृङ्गः 1 the Trikūṭa mountain. -2 a triangle. -शोकः the soul. -षष्टिः f. sixty-three. -ष्टुभ् f. a metre of 4 x 11 syllables. -संध्यम्, -संध्यी the three periods of the day, i. e. dawn, noon, and sunset; also -त्रिसवनम् (-षवणम्); Ms.11.216. -संध्यम् ind. at the time of the three Sandhyas; सान्निध्यं पुष्करे येषां त्रिसन्ध्यं कुरुनन्दन Mb. -सप्तत a. seventy-third. -सप्ततिः f. seventy-three. -सप्तन्, -सप्त a. (pl.) three times 7, i. e. 21. -सम a. (in geom.) having three equal sides, equilateral. -सरः milk, sesamum and rice boiled together. -सरकम् drinking wine thrice ('सरकं शीधुपात्रे स्यात् शीधुपाने च शीधुनि' इति विश्वः); प्रातिभं त्रिसरकेण गतानाम् Śi.1.12. -सर्गः the creation of the 3 Guṇas; Bhāg.1.1.1. -साधन a. having a threefold causality; R.3.13. -सामन् a. singing 3 Sāmans (an उद्गातृ); उद्गाता तत्र संग्रामे त्रिसामा दुन्दुभिर्नृप Mb.12.98.27. -साम्यम् an equilibrium of the three (qualities); Bhāg.2.7.4. -सुपर्णः, -र्णम् 1 N. of the three Ṛigvedic verses (Rv.1.114.3-5). -2 N. of T. Ār.1.48-5; -a. familiar with or reciting these verses; Ms.3.185. -स्थली the three sacred places : काशी, प्रयाग, and गया. -स्थानम् the head, neck and chest together; तन्त्रीलयसमायुक्तं त्रिस्थानकरणान्वितम् Rām.7.71.15. -a. 1 having 3 dwelling places. -2 extending through the 3 worlds. -स्रोतस् f. an epithet of the Ganges; त्रिस्रोतसं वहति यो गगनप्रतिष्ठाम् Ś.7.6; R.1.63; Ku.7.15. -सीत्य, -हल्य a. ploughed thrice (as a field). -हायण a. three years old.
daśan दशन् Num. a. (pl.) Ten; स भूमिं विश्वतो वृत्वा अत्य- तिष्ठद्दशाङ्गुलम् Rv.1.9.1. -Comp. -अङ्गुल a. ten fingers long; Ms.8.271. (-लम्) 1 a length of 1 fingers; Rv.1.9.1. -2 a water-melon. -अधिपतिः a commander of ten men. Mb.12. -अर्ध a. five, (-र्धम्) five; अण्व्यो मात्रा विनाशिन्यो दशार्धानां तु याः स्मृताः Ms.1.27. (-र्धः) an epithet of Buddha. -अर्हः 1 an epithet of Krisna or Visnu. -2 Buddha. -अवताराः m. (pl.) the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu; see under अवतार. -अवर a. consisting of at least ten; दशावरा वा परिषद्यं धर्मं परिकल्पयेत् Ms.12.11. -अश्वः the moon. -आननः, -आस्यः epithets of Rāvaṇā; दशाननकिरीटेभ्यस्तत्क्षणं राक्षसप्रियः R.1.75. -आमयः an epithet of Rudra. -इन्द्रियाणि The five कर्मेन्द्रियs and five ज्ञानेन्द्रियs. -ईशः a superintendent of 1 villages; Ms.7.116. -एकादशिक a. who lends 1 and receives 11 in return; i. e. who lends money at ten per cent. -कण्ठः, -कन्धरः epithets of Rāvaṇa; सप्तलोकैकवीरस्य दशकण्ठ- कुलद्विषः U.4.27. ˚अरिः, ˚जित् m., ˚रिपुः epithets of Rāma; दशकण्ठारिगुरुं विदुर्बुधाः R.8.29. -कर्मन् n. the ten ceremonies prescribed to the three twice-born classes. -कुमार- चरितम् a prose work by Dandin. -क्षीर a. mixed with 1 parts of milk. -गुण a. ten-fold, ten times larger. -गुणित a. multiplied by 1; दशगुणितमिव प्राप्तवान् वीरधर्मम B. R.9.53. -ग्रन्थाः (pl.) संहिता, ब्राह्मण, आरण्यक, शिक्षा, कल्प, व्याकरण, निघण्टु, छन्द and निरुक्त; hence दशग्रन्थिन् = A person who has learnt by heart all these ten books. -ग्रामपतिः, -ग्रामिकः, -ग्रामिन् m., -पः a superintendent of ten villages. -ग्रामी a collection or corporation of ten villages. -ग्रीवः = दशकण्ठ q.v. -चतुष्कम् N. of a sport; Sinhās.27. -धर्मः unfavourable condition, distress; अभ्यस्तो बहुभिर्बाणैर्दशधर्मगतेन वै Mb.7.147.2. (see com.). -पारमिताध्वरः 'possessing the ten perfections', an epithet of Buddha. -पुरम् N. of an ancient city, capital of king Rantideva; पात्रीकुर्वन्दशपुरवधूनेत्रकौतू- हलानाम् Me.49. -बन्धः a tenth part; Ms.8.17; also ˚बन्धक; Y.2.76. -बलः, -भूमिगः epithets of Buddha. -बाहुः an epithet of Śiva. -भुजा, -महाविद्या N. of Durgā. -मालिकाः (pl.) 1 N. of a country. -2 the people or rulers of this country. -मास्य a. 1 ten months old; एवा ते गर्भ एजतु निरैतु दशमास्यः Rv.5.78.7-8. -2 ten months in the womb (as a child before birth). -मुखः an epithet of Rāvaṇa. ˚रिपुः an epithet of Rāma; सीतां हित्वा दशमुखरिपुर्नोपयेमे यदन्याम् R.14.87. -मूत्रकम् The urine of 1 (elephant, buffalo, camel, cow, goat, sheep, horse, donkey, man and woman). -मूलम् a tonic medicine prepared from the roots of ten plants; (Mar. सालवण, पिटवण (पृष्टिपर्णी), रिंगणी, डोरली, गोखरूं, बेल, ऐरण, टेंटू, पहाडमूळ, शिवण). -योजनम् a distance of 1 Yojanas; पादाङ्गुष्ठेन चिक्षेप संपूर्णं दशयोजनम् Rām.1.1.65; also दशयोजनी; मोहितेन्द्रियवृत्तिं तं व्यतीत्य दशयोजनीम् Ks.94.14. -रथः N. of a celebrated king of Ayodhyā, son of Aja, and father of Rāma and his three brothers. [He had three wives Kausalyā, Sumitrā, and Kaikeyī, but was for several years without issue. He was therefore recommended by Vasiṣṭha to perform a sacrifice which he successfully did with the assistance of Ṛiṣyaśṛiṅga. On the completion of this sacrifice Kausalyā bore to him Rāma, Sumitrā Laksmana and Śatrughna, and Kaikeyī Bharata. Daśaratha was extremely fond of his sons, but Rāma was his greatest favourite 'his life, his very soul.' Thus when Kaikeyī at the instigation of Mantharā demanded the fulfilment of the two boons he had previously promised to her, the king tried to dissuade her mind from her wicked resolve by threats, and, failing these, by the most servile supplications. But Kaikeyī remained inexorable, and the poor monarch was obliged to send his beloved son into exile. He soon afterwards died of a broken heart]. Bhāg.9.1.1 ˚ललिता The fourth day of the dark fortnight of Āśvina. -रश्मिशतः the sun; दशरश्मिशतोपमद्युतिम् R.8.29. -रात्रम् a period of ten nights. (-त्रः) a particular sacrifice lasting for ten days. -रूपकम् the 1 kinds of drama. -रूपभृत् m. an epithet of Viṣṇu. -लक्षण a. relating to 1 objects; इदं भागवतं पुराणं दक्षलक्षणम् Bhāg.2.9.43. -णम् ten marks or attributes. -लक्षणकः religion; cf. धृतिः क्षमा दमो$स्तेयं शौचमिन्द्रियनिग्रहः । धीर्विद्या सत्यमक्रोधो दशकं धर्मलक्षणम् ॥ Ms.7. 92. -वक्त्रः, -वदनः see दशमुख; Bk.9.137. -वर्गः the double five classes of अमात्य, राष्ट्र, दुर्ग, कोश and दण्ड; वेत्ता च दशवर्गस्य स्थानवृद्धिक्षयात्मनः Mb.12.57.18 (com. 'अमात्यराष्ट्रदुर्गाणि कोशो दण्डश्च पञ्चमः' इति प्रकृतिपञ्चकं स्वपक्षे परपक्षे चेति दशको वर्गः). -वाजिन् m. the moon. -वार्षिक a. happening after, or lasting for, ten years; Y.2.24. -विध a. of ten kinds. -शतम् 1 a thousand; ये सहस्रम- राजन्नासन् दशशता उत Av.5.18.1. -2 one hundred and ten. ˚रश्मिः the sun. ˚अक्षः, ˚नयनः Indra; दशशताक्षककुब्दरि- निःसृतः Mb 7.184.47. -शती a thousand. -स (सा)- हस्रम् ten thousand. -हरा 1 an epithet of the Ganges (taking away the 1 sins). -2 a festival in honour of the Ganges held on the 1th day of Jyeṣṭha. -3 a festival in honour of Durgā held on the tenth of Āśvina.
dvīpyaḥ द्वीप्यः 1 An islander. -2 N. of Vyāsa. -3 A sort of crow, slight. -4 N. of Rudra.
nirṛtiḥ निर्ऋतिः f. 1 Decay, destruction, dissolution; विद्याद- लक्ष्मीकतमं जनानां मुखे निबद्धां निर्ऋतिं वहन्तम् Mb.1.87.9;5.36.8. -2 A calamity, evil, bane, adversity; हिंसाया निर्ऋतेर्मृत्यो- र्निरयस्य गुदः स्मृतः Bhāg.2.6.9; सा हि लोकस्य निर्ऋतिः U. 5.3. -3 An imprecation, a curse. -4 Death or destruction personified, the goddess of death or destruction, the regent of the south-western quarter; Bhāg. 1.19.4; पाकयज्ञविधानेन यजेत निर्ऋतिं निशि Ms.11.119. -5 The bottom of the earth. -6 The asterism Mūla. -m. 1 Death or genius of death; राज्यकामो मनून् देवान्निर्ऋतिं त्वभि- चरन् यजेत् Bhāg.2.3.9. -2 N. of one of the 8 Vasus. -3 N. of a Rudra.
pratibhā प्रतिभा 1 An appearance, a look. -2 Light, splendour. -2 Intellect, understanding; सभेव भामा विदधे गणानां निद्रा निरासं प्रतिभागुणस्य Ki.16.27; Vikr.1.18,23. -4 Genius, bright conception, vivid imagination; (प्रज्ञा नवनवोन्मेषशालिनी प्रतिभा मता Rudra.). -5 An image, reflection. -6 Audacity, impudence. -7 Suitableness, agreeableness; -8 Sudden appearance, manifestation (स्फूर्ति); प्रतिभा त्वस्ति मे काचित्तां ब्रूयामनुमानतः Mb.12.26.1. -9 Distraction (विक्षेप); निद्रां च प्रतिभां चैव ज्ञानाभ्यासेन तत्त्ववित् (विनिवर्तयेत्); Mb.12.274.7;316.14. -Comp. -अन्वित a. 1 endowed with genius, intelligent. -2 audacious, bold. -सुख a. 1 bold, confident. -2 quickwitted. -हानिः f. 1 darkness. -2 absence of intellect or genius.
makaraḥ मकरः [मं विषं किरति कॄ-अच् Tv.] 1 A kind of seaanimal, a crocodile, shark; झषाणां मकरश्चास्मि Bg.1.31; मकरवक्त्र Bh.2.4. (Makara is regarded as an emblem of Cupid; cf. comps. below). -2 The sign Capricornus of the zodiac. -3 An array of troops in the form of a Makara; दण्डव्यूहेन तन्मार्गं यायात्तु शकटेन वा । वराहमकराभ्यां वा ... Ms.7.187; Śukra.4.11. -4 An ear-ring in the shape of a Makara. -5 The hands folded in the form of a Makara. -6 N. of one of the nine treasures of Kubera. -7 The tenth arc of thirty degrees in any circle. -Comp. -अङ्कः an epithet of 1 the god of love. -2 the ocean. -अश्वः an epithet of Varuṇa. -आकरः, -आवासः the ocean; प्रविश्य मकरावासं यादोगणनिषेवितम् Mb.7.11.19. -आलयः 1 the ocean. -2 a symbolical expression for the number 'four'. -आसनम् a kind of Āsana in yoga; मकरासनमावक्ष्ये वायूनां स्तम्भकारणात् । पृष्ठे पादद्वयं बद्ध्वा हस्ताभ्यां पृष्ठबन्धनम् ॥ Rudrayāmala. -कुण्डलम् an ear-ring in the shape of a Makara; हेमाङ्गदलसद्- बाहुः स्फुरन्मकरकुण्डलः (रराज) Bhāg.8.15.9. -केतनः, -केतुः, -केतुमत् m. epithets of the god of love. -ध्वजः 1 an epithet of the god of love; संप्राप्तं मकरध्वजेन मथनं त्वत्तो मदर्थे पुरा Ratn.1.3; तत्प्रेमवारि मकरध्वजतापहारि Ch. P. 41. -2 a particular array of troops. -3 the sea. -4 a particular medical preparation. -राशिः f. the sign Capricornus of the zodiac. -वाहनः N. of Varuṇa. -संक्रमणम् the passage of the sun into the sign Capricornus. -सप्तमी the seventh day in the bright half of Māgha.
māruta मारुत a. (-ती f.) [मरुतः इदम् अण्] 1 Relating to or arising from the Maruts; व्रतमेतद्धि मारुतम् Ms.9.36. -2 Relating to wind, aerial, windy. -तः 1 Wind; स कीचकैर्मारुतपूर्णरन्ध्रैः R.2.12,34;4.55; Ms.4.122. -2 The god of wind, the deity presiding over wind; मनोजवं मारुततुल्यवेगम् Rām-rakṣā.33. -3 Breathing. -4 Vital air, one of the three essential humours of the body; प्रविश्य सर्वभूतानि यथा चरति मारुतः Ms.9.36. -5 The trunk of an elephant. -6 Ved. A son of the Maruts. -7 N. of Viṣṇu. -8 Of Rudra. -ती 1 The north-west quarter. -2 The daughter of the Maruts or gods; उतथ्यस्य च भार्यायां ममतायां महातपाः । मारुत्यां जनयामास भरद्वाजं बृहस्पतिः ॥ Bu. Ch.4.74; cf. Viṣṇu P.4 19.5. -तम् The lunar mansion called Svāti. -Comp. -अयनम् a (round) window; केलीमन्दिरमारुतायनमुखे विन्यस्तवक्त्राम्बुजा Bv.2.57. -अशनः a snake. -आत्मजः, -सुतः, -सूनुः 1 epithets of Hanumat. -2 of Bhīma. -व्रतम् 'penetrating everywhere', one of the duties of a king (who is able to penetrate everywhere by means of spies); cf. प्रविश्य सर्वभूतानि यथा चरति मारुतः । तथा चरैः प्रवेष्टव्यं व्रतमेतद्धि मारुतम् ॥ Ms.9.36.
rudra रुद्र a. [रोदिति रुद्-रक् Uṇ.2.22] 1 Dreadful, terrific frightful, formidable. -2 Great, large. -3 Driving away evil. -4 Praiseworthy. -द्रः 1 N. of a group of gods, eleven in number, supposed to be inferior manifestations of Śiva or Śaṁkara, who is said to be the head of the group; रुद्राणां शंकरश्चास्मि Bg.1.23; रुद्राणामपि मूर्धानः क्षतहुंकारशंसिनः Ku.2.26. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 Fire. -4 The number 'eleven'. -5 (pl.) प्राणs and इन्द्रियs; Mb.12.316.5 (com.). -6 N. for the hymns addressed to Rudra. -Comp. -अक्षः a kind of tree. (-क्षम्) 1 a rosary. -2 the berry of this tree, used for rosaries; भस्मोद्धूलन भद्रमस्तु भवते रुद्राक्षमाले शुभम् K. P.1. -अरिः the god of love. -आक्रीडः a cemetery. -आवासः 1 'the abode of Rudra', the mountain Kailāsa. -2 N. of Benares. -3 a cemetery; cf. पितृसद्मगोचरः Ku.5.77. -गर्भः N. of Agni. -जः quicksilver. -दर्शन a. terrific. -पत्नी 1 the goddess Durgā. -2 linseed. -प्रयागः the sacred place where the मन्दाकिनी joins the गङ्गा. -प्रिया 1 Pārvatī. -2 The yellow myrobalan tree. -भूः f. a cemetery. -यामलम् N. of a Tantra (a dialogue between भैरव and भैरवी). -रोदनम् gold; यत्सेवयाग्नेरिव रुद्ररोदनम् Bhāg. 8.24.48. -वीणा a kind of lute. -सखः N. of Kubera. -संमित a. equal to eleven. -सावर्णिः N. of the 12th Manu. -सूः f. a mother giving birth to eleven children.
rudrāṇī रुद्राणी 1 The wife of Rudra, N. of Pārvatī; रुद्राण्या भगवान् रुद्रो ददर्श स्वगणैर्वृतः Bhāg.12.1.3. -2 Epithet of a girl 11 years old.
rudriya रुद्रिय a. 1 Belonging to or coming from Rudra. -2 Fearful, dreadful. -3 Ved. Uttering praise or giving pleasure. -यम् Pleasure, delight.
raudra रौद्र a. (-द्रा-द्री f.) [रुद्र-अण्] 1 'Rudra-like', violent, irascible, wrathful. -2 Fierce, savage, terrible, wild. -3 Addressed to Rudra (as a hymn). -4 Bringing misfortune; calamitous. -5 Relating to Rudra; रौद्रं व्रतं समास्थाय नियतो नियतेन्द्रियः Rām.7.13.21. -द्रः 1 A worshipper of Rudra. -2 Heat, ardour, warmth, passion, wrath. -3 The sentiment of wrath or furiousness; रौद्रः क्रोधस्थायिभावो रक्तो रुद्राधिदैवतः S. D.232 or K. P.4. -4 N. of Yama. -5 Winter. -6 N. of a संवत्सर. -द्रम् 1 Wrath, rage -2 Formidableness, fierceness, savageness. -3 Heat, warmth; solar heat. -Comp. -कर्मन् a. doing dreadful acts. (-n.) a terrible magic rite. -दर्शन a. frightful-looking, terrific.
vilohita विलोहित a. 1 Of a purple colour. -2 Reddish, red; धनुर्धरः कोपविलोहिताक्षः R.16.77. -तः N. of Rudra. -ता One of the tongues of fire.
vaivasvataḥ वैवस्वतः [विवस्वतो$पत्यम् अण्] 1 N. of the seventh Manu who is supposed to preside over the present age; see under Manu; वैवस्वतो मनुर्नाम माननीयो मनीषिणाम् R.1.11; U.6.18. -2 N. of Yama; यानं सस्मार कौबेरं वैवस्वतजिगीषया R.15.45. -3 N. of Agni. -4 One of the eleven Rudras. -5 The planet Saturn. -तम् The present age or Manvantara, as presided over by Manu Vaivasvata or the seventh Manu. -Comp. -मन्वन्तरम् N. of the 7th (the present) मन्वन्तर.
śūlaḥ शूलः लम् [शूल्-क] 1 A sharp or pointed weapon, pike, dart, spear, lance. -2 The trident of Śiva. -3 An iron-spit (for roasting meat upon); शूले संस्कृतं शूल्यम् cf. अयःशूल. -4 A stake for impaling criminals; (बिभ्रत्) स्कन्धेन शूलं हृदयेन शोकम् Mk.1.21; Ku.5.73. -5 Any acute or sharp pain. -6 Colic. -7 Gout, rheumatism. -8 Death. -9 A banner, an ensign. -1 Selling; selling or salable object; 'अट्टमन्नं शिवो वेदः शूलो विक्रय उच्यते' इति कोशः; अट्टशूला जनपदाः शिवशूलाश्चतुष्पथाः । केशशूलाः स्त्रियो राजन् भविष्यन्ति युगक्षये ॥ Mb.3.188.42; अट्टशूलाः कतिपये पट्टने$स्मिन् प्रतिष्ठिताः Viś. Guṇa.438. (शूलाकृ 'to roast on an iron-spit'.) -Comp. -अग्रम् the point of a pike. -अङ्कः an epithet of Śiva; ये समाराध्य शूलाङ्कम् भवसायुज्यमागताः Mb.1.7.46. -अवतंसित a. impaled on a Śūla; पश्यतु पिमद्यैव शूलावतंसितम् Dk.2.1. -आरोपः, -आरोपणम् impalement. -गवः an ox fit for a spit (an offering to Rudra). -ग्रन्थिः f. a kind of Dūrvā grass. -घातनम् iron-filings. -घ्न a. a sedative, anodyne. -द्विष m. asa foetida. -धन्वन्, -धर, -धारिन्, -ध्रुक्, -पाणि, भृत् m. epithets of Śiva; अधिगतधवलिम्नः शूलपाणेरभिख्याम् Śi.4.65; R.2.38. -नाशनम् white sochal salt. -पालः the keeper of a brothel. -योगः a particular grouping of stars. -शत्रुः the castor-oil plant. -रथ a. impaled. -हन्त्री a kind of barley. -हस्तः a lancer. -हृत् m. asa foetida.
somaḥ सोमः [सू-मन् Uṇ.1.139] 1 N. of a plant, the most important ingredient in ancient sacrificial offerings. -2 The juice of the plant; as in सोमपा, सोमपीथिन्; Ms. 3.257. -3 Nectar, beverage of the gods; अलब्धभागाः सोमस्य केवलं क्लेशभागिनः Bhāg.8.1.23. -4 The moon. [In mythology, the moon is represented as having sprung from the eye of the sage Atri; (cf. R.2.75) or as produced from the sea at the time of churning. The twenty-seven asterisms--mythologically represented as so many daughters of Dakṣa q. v. -are said to be his wives. The phenomenon of the periodical waning of the moon is explained by a myth which states that his nectareous digits are drunk up by different gods in regular rotation, or by the invention of another legend which says that the moon, on account of his particular fondness and partiality for Rohiṇī, one of the 27 daughters of Dakṣa, was cursed by his father-in-law to be consumptive, but that at the intercession of his wives the sentence of eternal consumption was commuted to one of periodical consumption. Soma is also represented as having carried off Tārā, the wife of Bṛihaspati, by whom he had a son named Budha, who afterwards became the founder of the lunar race of kings; see Tārā (b) also.]; पुष्णामि चौषधीः सर्वाः सोमो भूत्वा रसात्मकः Bg.15.13. -5 A ray of light. -6 Camphor. -7 Water. -8 Air, wind. -9 N. of Kubera. -1 Of Śiva. -11 Of Yama. -12 N. of Sugrīva. -13 (As the last member of comp.) Chief, principal, best; as in नृसोम q. v. -14 An ape. -15 One of the Manes. -16 the vessel (नाडी) 'Iḍā'; यत्र तद् ब्रह्म निर्द्वन्द्वं यत्र सोमः सहाग्निना । व्यवायं कुरुते नित्यं धीरो भूतानि धारयन् ॥ Mb.14.2.1 (com.). -17 Monday. -मा The soma plant. -मम् 1 Rice gruel. -2 Sky, heaven. -Comp. -अभिषवः the extraction of Soma juice. -अयनम् a kind of penance; cf. चान्द्रायण. -अहः Monday. -आख्यम् the red lotus. -आश्रयः N. of Śiva or Rudra; ˚अयनम् (सोमाश्रयायणम्) N. of a place of pilgrimages; ते त्वगच्छन्नहोरात्रा तीर्थं सोमाश्रयायणम् Mb.1.17.3. -ईश्वरः a celebrated representation of Śiva. -उद्भवा N. of the river Narmadā तथेत्युपस्पृश्य पयः पवित्रं सोमोद्भवायाः सरितो नृसोमः R.5.59 (where Malli. quotes Ak. 'रेवा तु नर्मदा सोमोद्भवा मेकलकन्यका'). -कान्त a. lovely as the moon. (-न्तः) the moon-stone. -क्षयः disappearance or waning of the moon, new moon; श्राद्धस्य ब्राह्मणः कालः प्राप्तं दधि घृतं तथा । सोमक्षयश्च मांसं च यदारण्यं युधिष्ठिर ॥ Mb.13.23.34. -गर्भः N. of Viṣṇu. -ग्रहः a vessel for holding Soma. -ज a. moon-born. (-जः) an epithet of the planet Mercury. (-जम्) milk. -दैवतम् the lunar mansion मृगशिरस्; दोग्ध्रीं दत्वा सवत्सां तु नक्षत्रे सोमदैवते Mb.13.64.7. -धारा 1 the sky, heaven. -2 the milky way. -नाथः 1 N. of a celebrated Liṅga or the place where it was set up; (which by its splendour and enormous wealth attracted the attention of Mahomad of Ghazani who in 124 A.D. destroyed the image and carried of the treasure); तेषां मार्गे परिचयवशादर्जितं गुर्जराणां यः संतापं शिथिलमकरोत् सोमनाथं विलोक्य । Vikr.18.87. -प, -पा m. 1 one who drinks the Soma; त्रैविद्या मां सोमपाः पूतपापा यज्ञैरिष्ट्वा स्वर्गतिं प्रार्थयन्ते Bg.9.2; Mb.12.284.8. -2 a Soma-sacrificer. -3 a particular class of Pitṛis; सोमपा नाम विप्राणां (पितरः) Ms.3.197. -पतिः N. of Indra. -पानम् drinking Soma juice. -पायिन्, -पीथः, -पीथिन्, -पीतिन् m. a drinker of Soma juice; तत्र केचित्... ... सोमपीथिन उदुम्बरनामानो ब्रह्मवादिनः प्रतिवसन्ति स्म Māl.1; Bhāg.5.26.29. -पीतिः f. 1 drinking Soma. -2 a Some sacrifice. -पुत्रः, -भूः, -सुतः epithets of Budha or Mercury. -प्रवाकः a person commissioned to engage sacrificial priests (श्रोत्रिय) for a Soma sacrifice. -बन्धुः 1 the sun. -2 the white water-lilly. -यज्ञः, -यागः the Soma sacrifice. -याजिन् m. one who performs a Soma sacrifice. -योगिन् a. being in conjunction with the moon. -योनिः a sort of yellow and fragrant sandal. -राजी a thin crescent of the moon. -रोगः a particular disease of women. -लता, -वल्लरी 1 the Soma plant. -2 N. of the river Godāvarī. -वंशः the lunar race of kings founded by Budha. -वल्कः 1 a kind of white Khadira. -2 N. of the plants, करञ्ज and कट्फल. -वल्लरिः(री), -वल्लिका, -वल्ली f. the moon-plant. -वारः, -वासरः Monday. -विक्रयिन् m. a vendor of Soma juice. -वीथी the orbit of the moon. -वृक्षः, -सारः the white Khadira. -शकला a kind of cucumber. -संस्था a form of the Soma-sacrifice; (these are seven:- अग्निष्टोम, अत्यग्निष्टोम, उक्थ, षोढशी, अतिरात्र, आप्तोर्याम and वाजपेय). -संज्ञम् camphor. -सद् m. a particular class of Manes or Pitṛis; विराट्सुताः सोमसदः साध्यानां पितरः स्मृताः Ms.3.195. -सिद्धान्तः the doctrine of Kāpālikas; या सोमसिद्धान्तमयाननेव N.1.87. -सिन्धुः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -सुत् m a Soma distiller. -सुत्वत् a. pressing Soma-plant for juice; अध्वरेष्वग्निचित्वत्सु सोमसुत्वत आश्रमान् Bk.5.11. -सुता the river Narmadā; cf. सोमोद्भवा above. -सूत्रम् a channel for conveying water from a Śiva-liṅga. ˚प्रदक्षिणा circumambulation around a Siva-liṅga so as not to cross the Soma-sūtra.
sthūṇā स्थूणा [स्था-नक् उदन्तादेशः पृषो˚ Tv.] स्थूणायसि स्मृता प्रतिमायां गृहस्तम्भे' इति विश्वः 1 The post or pillar of a house. -2 A post or pillar in general; स्थूणानिखननन्या- येन S. B.; किमर्थमाक्षेपः । दार्ढ्यार्थः । स्थूणानिखननवत् ŚB. on MS.7.2.1. -3 An iron image or statue; छिन्नस्थूणं वृषं दृष्ट्वा विलापं च गवां भृशम् Mb.12.265.2. -4 An anvil. -Comp. -कर्णः 1 a kind of military array. -2 a form of Rudra (named also शङ्कुकर्ण); स्थूणाकर्णमथो जालं शर- वर्षमथोल्बणम् Mb.3.167.33. -निखननन्याय see Appendix.
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rudra Rud-rá, m. name of a god, i. 85, i; ii. 33, 1-9. 11-13. 15; pl. = sons of Rudra, the Maruts, i. 85, 2 [rud cry, howl].
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kārakaparicchedaa work dealing with Kārakas ascribed to Rudrabhaṭṭa.








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