śarkarā शर्करा

Definition: शर्करा [शॄ-करन् कस्य नेत्वम् Uṇ.4.3] 1 Candied sugar; द्राक्षा म्लानमुखी जाता शर्करा चाश्मतां गता । सुभाषित- रसस्याग्रे सुधा भीता दिवं गता ॥ Subhāṣ. -2 A pebble, gravel, small stone; पादुकान्तरप्रविष्टेव शर्करा Mk.5. -3 Gravelly mould; Mb.12.192.1 (com. शर्कराः कर्करसहिता मृत्). -4 Soil abounding in stony fragments, sand; अशर्करामविभ्रंशां समतीर्थामशैवलाम् (पुष्करिणीम्) Rām.3.73.11; सूपतीर्थां शुचिजलां शर्करापङ्कवर्जिताम् Mb.5.152.7; Bhāg.7.15.17. -5 A piece, fragment; कठिनकुचतटाग्रपाति पश्चादथ शतशर्करतां जगाम तासाम् Śi.7.69. -6 A potshered. -7 Any hard particle, as in जलशर्करा a nodule of water; i. e. hail. -8 The disease called gravel. -9 Golden earth; ह्रद इव तिमिनागसंवृतः स्तिमितजलो मणिशङ्खशर्करः Rām.2.81.16. (com. शर्कराः सुवर्ण- खनिमृत्तिकाः). -Comp. -अचलः 1 the ceremonial 'mountain of sugar' (a heap measuring eight Bhāras) given away by pious donors together with four smallermountains called Viṣkambhaparvata. Three golden trees are planted on the mountain, while on the smaller mountains are placed idols of Cupid, Kubera and Brahmā as well as a golden image of the Surabhi cow. It was customary to give away similar mountains of butter, salt, paddy, cotton and sesamum seeds; दानान्तः- श्रुतशर्कराचलमथः खेनामृतान्धाः स्मरः N.21.154. -2 a sugarloaf (conical). -उदक sugar-water, water sweetened with sugar. -धेनुः a gift of sugar moulded in the shape of a cow; see शर्कराचल. -सप्तमी Name of an observance on the 7th day in the bright half of Vaiśākha.


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